Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Excitation functions in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier have been measured for the formation of evaporation residues in100Mo-induced fusion reactions with90, 92, 96Zr,92, 96, 98, 100Mo,104Ru and110Pd as well as for the system96Zr+96Zr. From these data the fusion probability in central collisions was extracted covering a range of 4 orders of magnitude. At the fusion barriers expected from systematics we find that the fusion probability is suppressed by one to three orders of magnitude. It is rising very gradually at higher energies and reaches for the heaviest systems saturation only at energies as high as 30 MeV above the barrier. The observed hindrance of the fusion process increases roughly with the growing Coulomb repulsion between the collision partners, but there is also a distinct influence of their individual nuclear structure. The data are compared to the extra-push model, the surface-friction model and the diabatic fusion model. A parameterisation of the extra-push energy and its fluctuation in terms of a macroscopic quantity like the Coulomb repulsion combined with a microscopic quantity characterizing the nuclear structure is proposed. As a byproduct of this work a new alpha emitter,191Po, could be identified. Its half-life is (15.5 −2.5 +6 ) ms, the alpha energy is (7314±20) keV.
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