Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Long latency reflexes ; Transcranial stimulation ; Physiology ; Human
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The interaction of transcranial electric and magnetic brain stimulation with electrically elicited shortand long latency reflexes (LLR) of hand and fore-arm flexor muscles has been investigated in normal subjects. In the first paradigm, the motor potential evoked in thenar muscles by transcranial stimulation was conditioned by median nerve stimulation at various conditioning-test intervals. At short intervals (electric: 5–12.5 ms, magnetic: 0–7.5 ms) facilitation occurred that corresponded to the H-reflex and at longer intervals (electric: 25–40 ms, magnetic: 22.5–35 ms) there was a facilitation corresponding to the LLR. Electric and magnetic stimulation resulted in a similar degree of facilitation. A second paradigm investigated the facilitation of the forearm flexor H-reflex by a cutaneo-muscular LLR elicited by radial superficial nerve stimulation and transcranial stimulation used separately or together. When electric and magnetic brain stimulation were compared, magnetic brain stimulation was followed by significant extrafacilitation but electric stimulation was not. This result favours an interaction between the afferent volley eliciting the LLR and transcranial magnetic stimulation most likely at supraspinal level.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Caudate nucleus ; Hippocampus ; Serotonin ; Dopamine ; Chlorimipramine ; Fluvoxamine ; 6-Nitroquipazine
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Slices of rabbit hippocampus or caudate nucleus were incubated with [3H]-5-HT (0.1 µM, 60 min) or with [3H]-DA. In hippocampal tissue, the 5-HT uptake blockers chlorimipramine, fluvoxamine, and 6-nitroquipazine (0.1, 1, 10 µM) reduced the percentage content of [3H]-5-HT in a concentration dependent manner. The degree of inhibition of [3H]-5-HT content produced by the 5-HT uptake inhibitors was not affected by the MAO inhibitors pargyline or amezinium (which by themselves enhanced [3H] loading) or the catecholamine uptake inhibitor nomifensine (which by itself did not affect [3H] loading). In caudate nucleus tissue, however, the [3H]-5-HT accumulation was reduced only at the highest concentration of the 5-HT uptake blockers (10 µM). In the additional presence of the MAO inhibitors or nomifensine (which by themselves increased or diminished, respectively, the [3H] labelling) the 5-HT uptake inhibitors became more potent in reducing the percentage [3H]-5-HT accumulation of caudate nucleus slices. These results indicate (1) that a false labelling of [3H]-5-HT into dopaminergic terminals in the caudate nucleus can be prevented by nomifensine, (2) that the 5-HT uptake blockers seem to accumulate within the dopaminergic terminals, where they may display a MAO inhibitory property. The 5-HT uptake blockers were ineffective on the percentage tritium accumulation of caudate nucleus slices incubated with [3H]-DA, regardless of the presence of pargyline or nomifensine. Tritiated DA and deaminated [3H]-metabolites were separated in the superfusate of [3H]-DA-release experiments in caudate nucleus tissue. In the presence of 6-nitroquipazine the percentage efflux of unmetabolized [3H]-DA was significantly enhanced in a concentration and time dependent manner. In comparison to 6-nitroquipazine, fluvoxamine was less potent in that respect. 6-Nitroquipazine inhibited the electrically evoked [3H]-DA and [3H]-ACh release from caudate nucleus slices in a concentration dependent manner. The effects on [3H]-DA release were abolished in the presence of pargyline. The inhibition of [3H]-ACh release was significantly diminished by the D2-receptor antagonist domperidone. In conclusion, some 5-HT-related drugs may diminish the release of ACh from caudate nucleus slices via an enhanced dopaminergic transmission due to inhibition of MAO within the dopaminergic terminals.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1440
    Keywords: Guillain-Barré syndrome ; Streptokinase ; Immune complex disease ; Autoimmunity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Clinical and laboratory data from a patient with Guillain-Barré syndrome indicated a probable etiological correlation of polyradiculitis to the intravenous administration of streptokinase. Oligoclonal IgG bands in the cerebrospinal fluid and serum were shown to be specific for streptokinase. Serum titers of streptokinase were elevated 64-fold for IgG, 16-fold for IgM, and 4-fold for IgA compared to controls. Clinical symptoms of Guillain-Barré syndrome are thought to result from streptokinase antibody complex mediated damage to the local blood-nerve barrier. The pathogenic relevance of autoantibodies to albumin and proteins of the central and peripheral nervous systems, occurring early after onset of symptoms, remains to be determined.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1459
    Keywords: Spasmodic torticollis ; Botulinum toxin ; Polymyography ; Pathophysiology
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Polymyographic recordings were used to identify the most dystonic muscles suitable for local injection with botulinum toxin in 100 patients with spasmodic torticollis (TS). Rotating TS (72% of the patients) was due to dystonic activity of the splenius muscle ipsilateral to and/or the sternocleidomastoid muscle contralateral to the side of chin deviation. One-third of these patients had also dystonic activation of the contralateral splenius muscle and, rarely, the contralateral trapezius muscle. Ten patients had laterocollis due to dystonic activation of all recorded muscles on one side of the neck. Nine patients had retrocollis due to activity of both splenius muscles and rarely additional activity in both trapezius muscles. The type of dystonic muscle activity was found to be tonic, phasic or tremulous. Besides the evaluation of spontaneous dystonic EMG activity further examination during the “geste antagoniste” or the muscle activity during rotating head movements can provide additional information. It is concluded that polymyography may provide a rationale for identifying the dystonic muscles underlying the different forms of TS. It may prove to be helpful for the successful therapy with botulinum toxin and may be useful in differentiating tremulous torticollis from other types of head tremor.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1437-160X
    Keywords: Antiphospholipid antibodies ; Ischemic events ; Intraarterial lysis ; Anticoagulation ; Immunosuppression
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In two patients with primary antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and acute cerebrovascular ischemic events, local intraarterial fibrinolysis and intravenous heparin therapy, respectively, resulted in a limitation of persisting neurological deficits. On the basis of the 35 case reports available a combination of anticoagulation with warfarin, plus immunosuppression with steroids and/or cyclophosphamide or azathioprine, appears to be the best treatment to prevent further cerebral ischemic events. The therapeutic options are reviewed and discussed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...