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  • Chemical Engineering  (2)
  • 1985-1989  (1)
  • 1965-1969  (1)
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Year
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 13 (1967), S. 739-744 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Normal freezing of several organic systems exhibiting simple eutectic behavior has been studied experimentally, and the occurrence of constitutional subcooling has been clearly established. This phenomenon, previously observed in systems of metallurgical interest, results in the instability of a planar solid-liquid interface and leads to solute trapping. This trapping mechanism quantitatively explains why eutectic forming systems exhibit solid phase concentration profiles identical to those expected of systems which form solid solutions. The onset of constitutional subcooling can be correlated and reliably predicted by theoretical equations.Although the process of normal freezing with no liquid phase agitation would appear to be well described by a diffusion model, free convection induced by concentration gradients renders a boundary-layer model more appropriate when the liquid density of the solvent exceeds that of the solute and freezing is in an upward direction.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 31 (1985), S. 1372-1380 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A theoretical and experimental investigation is presented for mass transfer to a rotating hemispherical electrode when direct current (DC) superimposed with symmetrical triangular- or square-wave alternating current (AC) is used for electrolysis. A film model is used for the analysis of AC concentration components. The limiting AC current density corresponding to a zero instantaneous surface concentration and the phase shift between the applied AC and the periodic potential changes are calculated and compared to the experimental studies. The experimental data agreed with the theoretical prediction to within ±8% in the regime of a dimensionless AC frequency K = (ω/Ω)Sc1/3 greater than 1 and less than 180. The mass transfer behavior with the triangular and square waves is further compared to that of the sinusoidal current. It is found that for a given AC frequency and rotational speed, the limiting AC current density on the electrode decreases in the order of traingular-wave AC 〉 sinusoidal AC 〉 square-wave AC.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
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