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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Acta neuropathologica 3 (1964), S. 522-524 
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary A method, demonstrating Glomeruli cerebellosi using Victoria Blue 4 R after KMnO4-treatment on Bouin-fixed paraffine preparations is described.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Eine Methode zur Darstellung der Glomeruli cerebellosi mit Viktoriablau 4 R nach vorheriger Behandlung mit KMnO4 am Bouin-fixierten Paraffinschnitt wird angegeben.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1588-2837
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Abstract Установлено повышение дисперсности, а также активности и селективности в синтезе метанола (Pd+Ce)/SiO2 катализаторов, полуенных разложением металлоорганических комплексов Ce и Pd, по сравнению с Pd/SiO2.
    Notes: Abstract (Pd+Ce)/SiO2 catalysts prepared by decomposition of organometallic complexes of Ce and Pd have higher activity, dispersity and selectivity in methanol synthesis than Pd/SiO2 catalysts.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Regional patterns of present-day tectonic stress can be used to evaluate the forces acting on the lithosphere and to investigate intraplate seismicity. Most intraplate regions are characterized by a compressional stress regime; extension is limited almost entirely to thermally uplifted ...
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 192 (1961), S. 288-289 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] From a selection of X-ray-irradiated progenies of 70,000 r. treatment of the X, generation of Gor-ohorua olitorius (i7.nO 632) in 1960, seven variants were found from a culture of healthy, vigorously growing normal plants. These plants with comparatively slender stom and small leaves were very ...
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Das Ektoneuralsystem des Seesternes Asterias rubens L. wurde licht- und elektronenmikroskopisch untersucht. Dabei wurde einmal seiner Cuticula, dann seinen epithelialen Elementen unter dem Gesichtspunkt ihrer etwaigen Zugehörigkeit zur Glia besondere Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Folgende Ergebnisse konnten erzielt werden: 1. Wie die übrige Körperdecke wird auch das Ektoneuralsystem von einer isolierbaren Cuticula überzogen. Diese etwa 4 μ dicke Schicht läßt sich färberisch und elektronenmikroskopisch in eine basale und eine oberflächliche Zone differenzieren. Am Aufbau der Cuticula sind Proteine beteiligt. Die elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchung zeigt, daß die Cuticula gleichmäßig von 1300 Å weiten Röhren durchsetzt ist, die in Abständen von 2000 Å stehen. Durch die Porenkanäle ziehen Cytoplasmafäden hindurch, die sich aus den apikalen Abschnitten der subcuticularen Stützzellen erheben. Diese Mikrovilli sind im Basalabschnitt der Porenplatte meistens spiralig gewunden. Sie erreichen die freie Oberfläche des Körpers. In den Mikrovilli liegen ovoide Partikel ungeklärter Natur, wie sie auch in den Perikaryen der Stützzellen vorkommen. Kinocilien, welche die Cuticula durchsetzen, sind bei Asterias nicht beobachtet worden. 2. Die Cuticula wird von einem Filzwerk zarter Filamente unterlagert, die parallel zu ihrer Oberfläche ausgerichtet sind. Ein Teil der Filamente strahlt in die Cuticula ein. 3. Licht- und elektronenmikroskopisch ist eine subcuticulare Zone von lockerer Bauweise zu erkennen. Sie wird durch die Gesamtheit der Mikrovilli gebildet, die sich aus den apikalen Abschnitten der Stützzellen erheben, um in die Porenkanäle der Cuticula einzudringen. 4. Die Stützzellen ziehen in auffallend regelmäßiger Verteilung durch die gesamte Tiefe des Ektoneuralsystems hindurch, d. h. von der Cuticula bis zur sog. Mesodermlamelle. Ihre kernhaltigen, apikalen, mit den erwähnten Mikrovilli ausgestatteten Abschnitte sind untereinander durch ausgedehnte Cytodesmen verbunden, die aus schmalen, senkrecht zum Plasmalemm gerichteten Membranen bestehen. Die Membranen wahren einen regelmäßigen Abstand von 340 A. Diese Art der Zellverbindung dürfte bei Wirbellosen häufiger anzutreffen sein, da sie auch bei Seeigeln, bei Mollusken und bei Planarien vorkommt. 5. Im Cytoplasma der Stüzzellen liegen gröbere Granula, die PAS-positiv sind und Proteine enthalten. 6. Das bezeichnende Merkmal der Stützzellen sind langgestreckte, die Zellleiber von der Cuticula bis zur Mesodermlamelle durchsetzende Fasern mit kreisrundem oder ovalem Querschnitt. Die Stützfasern sind positiv einachsig doppelbrechend und leuchten unter dem Fluoreszenzmikroskop wie Gliafasern auf. Aus elektronenmikroskopischen Aufnahmen geht hervor, daß die Fasern aus dicht gepackten, in Faserlängsrichtung orientierten Filamenten bestehen, die teilweise eine auffallende periodische Querstreifung besitzen. Diese Querstreifung stimmt nicht mit der periodischen Gliederung der Bindegewebsfibrillen bzw. -filamente von Asterias rubens L. überein. 7. Es wird dargelegt, daß Herkunft, cytologische Merkmale und topisches Verhalten der Stützzellen den Kriterien der Gliazellen in so hohem Maße entsprechen, daß man die Stützzellen des Ektoneuralsystems von Asterias rubens L. als Gliazellen bezeichnen darf. Sie lassen sich dem bei Wirbeltieren anzutreffenden Typus von ependymaler Faserglia vergleichen.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1520-5002
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1550-7408
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Pneumocystis infection in athymic nude mice lungs showed a particularly high trophozoite to cyst ratio. A similar observation was obtained from a study of a patient with lymph node infection with Pneumocystis. Eosinophilic foamy masses in these sites were observed by light microscopy. With the electron microscope, the masses were seen to be composed of large aggregates of trophozoites. Cystic forms (precysl, cyst and empty cyst) were extremely scarce in comparison with the huge numbers of trophozoites. These cystic forms were mostly undergoing degeneration. These observations indicate that the mode of proliferation in both situations was predominantly asexual, that is, proliferation by trophozoites, suggesting that certain conditions may enhance asexual reproduction or depress the fonnation of cysts.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1550-7408
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Pneumocystis infection in athymic nude mice lungs showed a particularly high trophozoite to cyst ratio. A similar observation was obtained from a study of a patient with lymph node infection with Pneumocystis. Eosinophilic foamy masses in these sites were observed by light microscopy . With the electron microscope, the masses were seen to be composed of large aggregates of trophozoites. Cystic forms (precyst, cyst and empty cyst) were extremely scarce in comparison with the huge numbers of trophozoites. These cystic forms were mostly undergoing degeneration. These observations indicate that the mode of proliferation in both situations was predominantly asexual, that is, proliferation by trophozoites, suggesting that certain conditions may enhance asexual reproduction or depress the formation of cysts.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1440
    Keywords: Hyperbilirubinemia ; Rotor's syndrome ; Coproporphyrin isomers
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Urinary and fecal total, isomer I, and isomer III coproporphyrin excretion of a Rotor's syndrome patient and his family were determined. The proprositus showed increased urinary total coproporphyrin excretion (248 µg/24 h) and a shift of the coproporphyrin isomer I/III relation (70%/30%). The propositus's father and two siblings also had elevated renal excretion of coproporphyrin I. Total coproporphyrin excretion was enhanced only in the propositus's father and one sibling, while being normal in another sibling. All family members that could be investigated showed considerably decreased fecal porphyrin excretion. In Rotor's syndrome porphyrin excretion is mainly renal. The coproporphyrin isomer I/III relation is shifted towards isomer I. Phenotypically normal relatives with normal bilirubin plasma levels may have alterations in both their renal and enteral coproporphyrin excretion.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-1440
    Keywords: Ketoconazole ; Cushing's syndrome ; Short-term administration ; Long-term treatment ; 11β-hydroxylase ; Inhibition of steroid biosynthesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The property of ketoconazole to inhibit adrenal biosynthesis of cortisol was used in a clinical study of 14 patients with Cushing's syndrome (pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease,n=10; adrenocortical adenoma,n=2; adrenocortical carcinoma,n=1; ectopic ACTH syndrome,n=1). Five patients were treated in a short-term manner (1000 mg over 24 h) and nine patients for a longer period (600 mg/die from 1 week up to 12 months). After short-term administration of ketoconazole, serum cortisol levels fell distinctly only in the patient with adrenocortical adenoma, but not at all or only slightly in the other patients, whereas serum levels of progesterone and 11-deoxy-compounds increased markedly in all patients, with the exception of the patient with adrenocortical carcinoma. Plasma ACTH levels increased in the patients with Cushing's disease but not in the patients with tumor. After long-term treatment of three patients with Cushing's disease over 3, 10, and 12 months, the clinical signs of hypercortisolism persisted or were only slightly ameliorated. In these three patients as well as in three other patients with Cushing's disease treated for a shorter period of 1 to 4 weeks, serum and urinary cortisol levels decreased, but were not normalized, whereas plasma ACTH levels increased variably. Only in one patient with Cushing's disease, in the second patient with adrenocortical adenoma, and in the patient with ectopic ACTH syndrome, serum and urinary cortisol levels returned to normal. We concluded from our data, that the antimycotic drug inhibits biosynthesis of cortisol by blocking adrenal 11β- and 17α-hydroxylase activity. This effect was compensated in part by a rebound increase of pituitary ACTH secretion in most patients with Cushing's disease. Therefore, ketoconazole treatment is above all effective in patients with Cushing's syndrome due to an adrenal tumor or in patients with ectopic ACTH syndrome, who cannot respond with an increased pituitary ACTH secretion.
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