Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
Abstract Potential exposure to pesticide residues resulting from burning wood treated with phenoxy and pyridine herbicides was assessed. Wood samples from trees treated with 2,4-D [2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid], dicamba [3,6-dichloro-o-anisic acid], dichlorprop [2-(2,4-dichlorphenoxy) propionic acid], picloram [4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid], and triclopyr (3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyri dinyl)oxy acetic acid contained variable amounts of parent compound residues at 4, 8, and 12 months after application. At the time of the latter sampling, residues of 2,4-D, dicamba, and picloram were 〈2.1 mg/kg on a fresh weight basis. Mean residue concentrations of triclopyr and dichlorprop were somewhat higher at 3.5 and 13.0 mg/kg, respectively. In a laboratory experiment, samples with known amounts of herbicide residue were subjected to either slow or rapidly burning conditions in a tube furnace. During slow combustion, relatively stable compounds such as 2,4-D, dicamba, and dichlorprop were released in significant amounts. Rapid combustion greatly enhanced decomposition of 2,4-D, dicamba, dichlorprop, picloram, and triclopyr. A well-developed fire in a wood stove or fireplace, with active flaming combustion, where temperatures commonly reach 800–l,000°C, should result in greater than 95% thermal decomposition of the herbicides examined in this study. Burning of herbicide-treated wood under smoldering conditions could result in very low levels of herbicide residue in ambient indoor air. However, the exposure levels are less than 0.3% of the threshold limit value for 2,4-D and triclopyr. The exposure is also more than 3 orders of magnitude lower than the established acceptable daily intakes for these products.
Type of Medium: