diabetes (Type I)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary Erythrocytes from diabetic patients show abnormal rheology. Pentoxifylline, a methylxanthine, improves the abnormal deformability of diabetic erythrocytes, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. We have studied the effect of pentoxifylline on the lipid order of erythrocyte membranes from controls and patients with Type I diabetes. We studied the structural organization of membrane lipids in individual erythrocyte ghosts by fluorescence polarization using a cell sorter. Fluorescence polarization values (P) for 17 controls (P=0.244) and 20 diabetic patients (P=0.215) were significantly different. Pentoxifylline added in vitro had no effect on normal membranes, but significantly increased at 10−5 mol·l−1 (P=0.233), and normalized at 10−4 mol·l−1 (P=0.243), the P value of membrane ghosts from diabetics.
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