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  • American Institute of Physics (AIP)  (12)
  • 2000-2004  (3)
  • 1985-1989  (9)
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  • American Institute of Physics (AIP)  (12)
  • Springer  (5)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 90 (1989), S. 1288-1289 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We report the first well resolved SO2 cluster ion spectrum showing doubly charged parent and fragment ions. The critical appearance size deduced for doubly charged SO2 clusters is n2=21 and for triply charged SO2 clusters n3=49. This result is compared with theoretical predictions.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 89 (1988), S. 295-301 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Metastable decay of Ar+@B|3 produced by electron impact ionization of a supersonic Ar cluster beam has been investigated qualitatively and quantitatively with a double focusing sector field mass spectrometer. We present direct experimental proof that the observed metastable decay of Ar+*3 into Ar+ in the microsecond time regime proceeds predominantly via a sequential decay series Ar+@B|3→k3,2Ar+*2→ k2,1Ar+ involving the evaporation of a single monomer in each of these successive decays. The metastable decay rates deduced are very different, i.e., k3,2 =45 s−1 and k2,1 =680 s−1 at an ion acceleration voltage of 3 kV. Moreover, the metastable decay rates of Ar+@B|3 exhibit a strong dependence on time elapsed since electron impact production of the Ar+3, and on ion production parameters (i.e., size and internal excitation energy of the neutral precursor). For instance photodissociation (with visible laser light) of the neutral cluster beam leads to a dramatic increase of the observed metastable reaction rules yielding values of up to 100 000 3−1 in the μs time regime.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 87 (1987), S. 5238-5241 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Clusters of Ne atoms produced by adiabatic nozzle expansion have been studied with a high resolution double focusing sector field mass spectrometer. Analysis of the isotopic composition of these clusters (up to n=22) showed instead of the expected statistical distribution a pronounced shift to the heavier neon isotope 22Ne. The shift was found to correspond to an increase of the isotope ratio of 22Ne from 8.7% in the monomer to ∼12.5% in the clusters with n〉4 (enrichment factor of ∼1.5.)
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Using a high resolution two sector field mass spectrometer of reversed geometry we have measured metastable fractions and mass-analyzed ion kinetic energy peaks for metastable decay reactions involving monomer evaporation via (O2)n+*→(O2)n−1++O2. Both, average kinetic energy release 〈KER〉 data derived from the peak shapes and the time dependence of the metastable fractions show a characteristic dependence on cluster size indicating a change in the metastable fragmentation mechanism when going from the dimer to the dekamer ion. Moreover, the 〈KER〉 data contain information about the transition state temperature and thus one can use finite heat bath theory to calculate the binding energies of the decaying cluster ions. The results obtained are in fair agreement with (i) previous results based on gas phase ion equilibria measurements and with (ii) the corresponding bulk value. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 114 (2001), S. 9875-9881 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Electron impact ionization of small singly charged hydrocarbon ions was applied to produce and investigate multiply charged molecular ions. The stability of triply charged hydrocarbon ions depends strongly on the number of hydrogen atoms of the molecule. C4Hj3+ were observed only for molecules that contain more than 2 hydrogen atoms. Parallel, highly correlated ab initio calculations were performed for these molecular ions. The binding energies obtained by these computations agree well with the experimental findings. Moreover, there is quantitative agreement between the experiment and the calculations on the kinetic energy of the fragment ions upon Coulomb explosion. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 88 (1988), S. 6884-6888 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Electron attachment and electron impact ionization of SF6 and SF6/Ar clusters have been investigated in a molecular beam/electron impact ion source/mass spectrometer system. Positive ion mass spectra of neat SF6 clusters contain [(SF6)n⋅SFx]+ fragment ion series with 0≤x≤5 and in addition [(SF6)nS2F5]+ ions which have to be formed via international ion molecule reactions. Positive ion mass spectra of mixed SF6/Ar clusters include ion series of nonstoichiometric fragment ions (SF5⋅Arn)+, (SF6⋅SF5⋅Arn)+, [(SF6)2⋅SF5⋅Arn]+, and, in addition, stoichiometric ions comprised of (SF6⋅Arn)+ and [(SF6)2Arn]+. These stoichiometric ions are only present with n≥3. Electron attachment to neat SF6 clusters gives rise only to stoichiometric (SF6)−n ions, whereas attachment to mixed SF6/Ar clusters yields ion series consisting of (ArnSF6)−, [Arn(SF6)2]−, and [Arn⋅(SF6)3]−. This indicates that the dissociative channel into SF−5 present in the monomer is efficiently quenched in case of clusters. The negative ion mass spectra show in contrast to the positive ion mass spectra a strong dependence on electron energy due to a strong resonance of the attachment cross sections near zero electron energy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 91 (1989), S. 3240-3245 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Kr clusters produced in a supersonic nozzle expansion have been studied by electron impact ionization mass spectrometry. Mass resolved spectra (with n up to 180) show two homologous series consisting of Kr+n and Kr2+n ions. The distribution of Kr+n ions shows distinct magic number effects, the observed abundance anomalies being very similar to the ones observed in Ar and Xe. This confirms the superior stability of closed-shell and -subshell icosahedral structures. Moreover, we have found evidence for the occurrence of Kr3+n and Kr4+n ions. It was possible to determine appearance sizes of these multiply charged cluster ions (yielding n2=69, n3=156, and n4=264), and to study the electron energy dependence of singly and doubly charged cluster ions (yielding a linear threshold law). These results are discussed in view of various theoretical considerations and previous results where available.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 90 (1989), S. 4091-4094 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: In previous experiments on doubly charged Xe clusters, no Xe2+n cluster ions were observed for n less than 53 atoms and no Xe3+n for n less than 114 atoms. From recent computer simulations it was inferred that Xe2+51 ions have lifetimes ∼100 ps while Xe2+55 ions have lifetimes ∼10 μs in agreement with these previous experimental results. Using a high performance mass spectrometer we have repeated these experiments. In contrast to these earlier findings, we are here able to observe doubly charged Xe cluster ions with sizes down to n2=47 (at lifetimes of ∼400 μs). The critical appearance size for triply charged Xe clusters is n3=108. In accordance with a recently suggested sequential ionization mechanism for the production of stable doubly charged van der Waals cluster ions, the appearance energy of Xe2+n was found to lie well below the appearance energy of Xe2+ from Xe.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 88 (1988), S. 4289-4293 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Clusters of N2 molecules formed in a supersonic nozzle expansion have been studied by electron impact ionization mass spectrometry. Mass resolved spectra (with n up to 190) show three homologous series, i.e., consisting of (N2)+n, (N2)nN+, and [(N2)n N]2+ ions. The distribution of (N2)+n ions shows distinct magic number effects. Moreover, there is evidence for the existence of (N2)2+n and (N2)3+n ions. The critical appearance sizes of observed multiply charged cluster ions are (N2)2+99, (N2)99N2+, and (N2)3+215. These results are compared with theoretical predictions. Moreover, a study of the electron energy dependence of singly and doubly charged N2 cluster ions close to threshold (appearance energies) gives new insight into the ionization mechanism.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Clusters of Ne atoms formed in a supersonic nozzle expansion have been studied by electron ionization mass spectrometry. In particular, we have found that the metastable decay of Ne cluster ions is very nonexponential, thus confirming a recent theoretical prediction of Klots applying quasiequilibrium theory to the problem of unimolecular fragmentation of clusters.
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