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  • Wiley-Blackwell  (437)
  • 1990-1994  (276)
  • 1985-1989  (161)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Liquid chromatography ; Supercritical fluid Chromatography ; Light scattering detection ; Pharmaceutical analysis ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The evaporative light scattering detector (ELSD) has been used in pharmaceutical analysis by liquid and supercritical fluid chromatography. An ELSD equipped with interchangeable interfaces enables the use of various eluents (UV- or non-UV-absorbing) in isocratic or gradient mode. Analyses were performed on several non-UV-absorbing excipients and active substances. The narrow spread of the response factors of the various compounds investigated has indicated that the detector is suitable for direct raw quantitation of unknown samples in stability studies.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Liquid chromatography ; Beet ; Carbohydrates ; Light scattering detection ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: An evaluation of the most commonly used HPLC system (reversed phase octadecyl sillica gel) was undertaken in order to determine the level of certain carbohydrates in molasses produced in the refining of sugar beet. Chromatographic parameters and purification operations prior to analysis are discussed in order to develop an analytical method permitting automation of sugar determination. A Zorbax ODS column (250 × 9.4 mm), water elution, and light scattering detection allow easy determination of glucose + fructose, sucrose, and raffinose in molasses using an internal standard (maltose).
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: human lymphoblastoma cells ; microtubule organizing centers ; isolation centrioles ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: A procedure adapted from that described by Mitchison and Kirschner [Nature 312:232-237, 1984] was used to isolate centrosomes from human lymphoid cells. High yields of homogeneous centrosomes (60% of the theoretical total, assuming one centrosome per cell) were obtained. Centrosomes were isolated as pairs of centrioles, plus their associated pericentriolar material. Ultrastructural investigation revealed: 1) a link between both centrioles in a centrosome formed by the gathering in of a unique bundle of thin filaments surrounding each centriole; 2) a stereotypic organization of the pericentriolar material, including a rim of constant width at the proximal end of each centriole and a disc of nine satellite arms organized according to a ninefold symmetry at the distal end and; 3) an axial hub in the lumen of each centriole at the distal end surrounded by some ill-defined material.The total protein content was 2 to 3 × 10-2 pg per isolated centrosome, a figure that suggests that the preparations were close to homogeneity. The protein composition was complex but specific, showing proteins ranging from 180 to 300 kD, one prominent band at 130 kD, and a group of proteins between 50 and 65 kD. Actin was also present in centrosome preparations.Functional studies demonstrated that the isolated centrosomes were competent to nucleate microtubules in vitro from purified tubulin in conditions in which spontaneous assembly could not occur. They were also very effective at inducing cleavage when microinjected into unfertilized Xenopus eggs.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: maytansine ; vinblastine ; diphenylpyridazone ; colchicine ; taxol ; tubulin ; microtubule ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: We have investigated the effects of the microtubule poison rhazinilam on microtubule assembly in vivo and in vitro. In mammalian cells, rhazinilam mimics the effects of taxol and leads to microtubule bundles, multiple asters, and microtubule cold stability. In vitro, rhazinilam protected preassembled microtubules from cold-induced disassembly, but not from calcium ion-induced disassembly. Moreover, both at 0°C and at 37°C, rhazinilam induced the formation of anomalous tubulin assemblies (spirals). This process was prevented by maytansine and vinblastine, but not by colchicine. Preferential saturable and stoichiometric binding of radioactive rhazinilam to tubulin in spirals was observed with a dissociation constant of 5 μM. This binding was abolished in the presence of vinblastine and maytansine. In contrast, specific binding of radioactive rhazinilam to tubulin assembled in microtubules was undetectable. These results demonstrate that rhazinilam alters microtubule stability differently than taxol, and that the overall similar effects of rhazinilam and taxol on the cellular cytoskeleton are the consequence of two distinct mechanisms of action at the molecular level. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0934-0866
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Dispersion of monosized drops downstream a point injection in a grid-generated turbulence is studied. Influence of extra bodyforces is also investigated by use of ferrofluid drops and magnetic field. Datas are obtained through LDV and given for fluid and particles mean and fluctuant velocities. Presence probability repartition for particles downstream the injection is obtained by LDV counting.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0887-6134
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The aim of the present investigation was to ascertain whether mass spectrometric analysis of glucose allows determination in small samples (0.01 nmol) of the sites and the extent of labelling of glucose produced by isolated liver cells from various gluconeogenic labelled precursors. The electron impact spectrum of the methyloxime pentatrimethylsilyl derivative of natural glucose affords fragment ions retaining specific carbon atoms, i.e. 1-2 (m/z 160), 1-2-3 (m/z 262), 3-4-5-6 (m/z 319), 4-5-6 (m/z 217), 5-6 (m/z 205), 6 (m/z 103). The mass fragmentography analysis of the same derivative of commercially available labelled glucose molecules (1-13C, 6-13C, 2-2H, 3-2H, 6,6-2H2) permitted evaluation of the degree of specificity of these fragment ions, and development of a calculation method for isotope incorporation. Using this methodology we found that incubation of hepatocytes with (2-13C)glycerol, (1,3-13C)glycerol or NaH13CO3 plus pyruvate or lactate produced (2,5-13C)glucose, (1,3,4,6-13C) glucose or (3,4-13C)glucose, respectively. The extent of labelling was measurable on individual carbon of the glucose molecule except for carbon 1. The lowest enrichment detectable on carbon 1-3 or 3 was found to be 0.5%. In conclusion, gas chromatography mass spectrometry is a reliable method for positional isotopic anlysis of 13C-labelled glucose, and appears useful in the study of the gluconeogenic pathway.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: CDC33 ; cell division cycle ; cyclic AMP ; start gene ; yeast ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The CDC33 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae belongs to the class II ‘START’ genes. Its product is required for the initiation of a new cell division cycle (Hartwell, 1974). Many results suggest that the cAMP signalling pathway is one of the major controlling elements of ‘START’. Components of this pathway are encoded by class II ‘START’ genes. The aim of the present study is to determine whether or not the CDC33 gene interferes with the cAMP signalling pathway. We report here the molecular cloning of the CDC33 gene by complementation of the cdc33-1 thermosensitive mutant. The identity of the cloned gene is confirmed by site-specific reintegration and segregation analysis. This gene is transcribed into a 900-nucleotides mRNA and appears to be relatively abundant in the cell. We also show that the CDC33 gene product is essential for sporulation. cdc33-1 mutant cells are able to enter into the resting state. The cAMP intracellular pool is not modified when the cdc33-1 mutant is shifted to the restrictive temperature. The cdc33-1 mutation is not suppressed by other known elements of the cAMP cascade. All these results suggest that the CDC33 ‘START’ gene does not interfere with the cAMP signalling pathway which controls cell division.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0173-0835
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: In the absence of vitamin K or in the presence of the vitamin K antagonists, abnormal nonfunctional forms of prothrombin circulate in the blood. A reliable and reproducible technique, derived from traditional crossed affinoimmunoelectrophoresis in presence of calcium lactate, was developed and optimized. The technique is based on nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel affinoelectrophoresis, with calcium lactate, of plasma samples, followed by immunoblotting with rabbit anti-human prothrombin serum and detection with an anti-rabbit immunoglobulin peroxidase conjugate. Depending on the plasmas, one or two bands were visualized and quantified by densitometry of the immunoblots. The technique was able detect abnormal des-gamma-carboxylated prothrombins at concentration of 0.1 μg/mL.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0170-2041
    Keywords: Housane ; Norcaradiene ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Cycloaddition of a Very Reactive Cyanovinylcarbene with Benzene and 3,4-Dichlorocyclobutene. Molecular and Crystal Structure of 2,3-Dichloro-5-(1-cyano-2-methyl-1-propenyl)-5-housanecarbonitrile and 7-(1-Cyano-2-methyl-1-propenyl)-7-norcaradienecarbonitrileThe cyanovinylcarbene 2 has been generated by photolysis of 3,3-dimethyl-3H-pyrazole-4,5-dicarbonitril (1) and the cycloaddition products with benzene and with 3,4-dichlorocyclobutene have been isolated. The molecular structures of the cycloaddition products 7-(1-cyano-2-methyl-1-propenyl)-7-norcaradienecarbonitrile (3) and 2,3-dichloro-5-(1-cyano-2-methyl-1-propenyl)-5-housanecarbonitrile (4) were determined by X-ray analyses. The bridging bond of the bicyclo[2.1.0]pentane group in 4 is shortened to 1.515 Å by the electronic interaction of this group with the cyano substituent. The vinyl substituent has no influence because of perpendicular orientation.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Pemphigus is an intraepidermal autoimmune blistering disease of humans caused by circulating IgGs. We have investigated the binding mode and the fate of bound antibodies from Pemphigus sera (P-IgG) on guinea pig keratinocytes in suspension in order to find clues to the loss of cell adhesion in vivo (acantholysis). Flow cytometry, following indirect immunofluorescent labeling of the keratinocytes, and dead cells' staining with ethidium bromide, demonstrated the specific surface binding of P-IgG onto living keratinocytes only. This was shown with several Pernphigus sera or purified P-IgG. This technique, used with various Pemphigus sera, showed that the specific binding is increased when the serum titer is higher, and “Km” values for P-IgG were roughly and inversely correlated to the titers. Upon saturation the same average number of Pemphigus IgG sites per cell were found for the sera of different patients. Analysis of the specific binding of [125I]-P-lgC onto Percollseparated (living) keratinocytes showed the existence of two classes of sites: 2 × l06 sites/cell high-affinity sites (Kd = 1.5 × 10 -6 M total IgG) and 25 × l06 sites/cell low-affinity sites (Kd = 6 × 10-5 M total IgG). Cell sorting and flow cytometry of individual cells allowed us to correlate the light-scattering signal, the RNA content, the size and morphology, and the P-IgG binding to the cells. The results indicated that P-IgG binding is homogeneous within the living keratinocytes and increases with cell size (cell maturity). Cell-sorter analysis of cells with membrane-bound P-IgC, coupled to direct determination of P-IgC released in the medium, revealed the fate of bound P-IgG: 40-60% of the P-IgGs were released in the medium within 30 minutes at 37°C. This was accompanied and followed by a much slower, metabolic energydependent, internalization process of the membrane-bound P-IgG. The internalization has been confirmed by electron microscopy of bound P-lgC labeled with protein A-gold. Internalized IgGs were seen in the cells in coated membranous vesicles and other endocytic compartments. Similar behavior was also observed with two other membrane ligands: i.e., concanavalin A and multispecific rabbit “antisurface” antibodies.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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