Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Summary Grown anaerobically on d-xylose, Klebsiella planticola ATCC 33531 produced acetate, formate, lactate, CO2 and ethanol as major end-products. A Mu-insertion mutant which lacked pyruvate-formate-lyase showed among its fermentation products more than 70% d-lactate with residual acetate, 2,3-butanediol, and traces of ethanol, formate, and CO2. After the introduction of a plasmid carrying the gene for the enzyme pyruvate decarboxylase from Zymomonas mobilis, this Klebsiella mutant became an efficient ethanol producer. The recombinant strain produced 387 mM ethanol from 275 mM xylose in 80 h, about 83% of the theoretical maximal yield. Furthermore, this mutant consumed more than double the amount of xylose (41 g/l) compared to the wild-type, due to reduced production of inhibiting acids during growth.
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