Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Articles  (98)
  • 1985-1989  (87)
  • 1940-1944  (11)
Collection
  • Articles  (98)
Years
Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Four monoclonal antibodies specific for somatostatin have been produced and characterized. These antibodies were used to assess the anatomical relationship of somatostatin-containing cells in the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract of man, baboon and rat with ten other peptide-containing endocrine cells. The peptides investigated were gastrin, cholecystokinin, motilin, secretin, neurotensin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, gut-glucagon, pancreatic glucagon, pancreatic polypeptide and insulin. The only regions in which somatostatin cells were seen in close contact with another endocrine cell were in the pancreas and the gastric antrum. In the pancreas somatostatin cells were commonly seen in close contact with insulin, glucagon and pancreatic polypeptide cells and infrequent contact was demonstrable with the gastrin-immunoreactive cells in the antrum of both rat and man. In all other cases no evidence was obtained for a close anatomical relationship between somatostatin cells and the other enteroendocrine cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactivity was demonstrated in in sensory nerve fibers in the epidermis and dermis as free nerve endings and around blood vessels and hair follicles of the human finger pad and arm skin. The vast majority of the calcitonin generelated immunoreactive fibers was shown to display also substance P-like immunoreactivity and a few fibers in the dermis were somatostatin positive. No fibers displaying both substance P and somatostatin-like immunoreactivity were found but a few substance P immunoreactive fibers in the dermis-epidermis region were found to contain also vasointestinal polypeptide-like immunoreactivity. In the sweat glands, abundant calcitonin gene-related peptide positive, but substance P negative, fibers were observed with a similar distribution pattern as the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide immunoreactive fibers and these fibers were suggested to be of sympathetic origin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity was detected within the adrenal gland of the rat using specific monoclonal antibodies. Immunohistochemical studies demonstrated a few somatostatin-immunoreactive nerve fibers within the adrenal medulla. In addition, a large population of chromaffin cells in the cat adrenal medulla displayed intense somatostatin-like immunoreactivity. Similar cells were not observed in rat or guinea pig adrenal glands, although they were found in human material. The somatostatin-positive cells in the cat adrenal medulla often possessed short immunoreactive processes similar to those seen in somatostatin-immunoreactive paracrine cells of the gut. Characterization of the somatostatin-like immunoreactivity of the cat adrenal by high performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay indicated that somatostatin-28 may account for over 90% of the observed immunoreactivity. It is suggested that somatostatin-28 may have a paracrine or endocrine role in the feline adrenal medulla.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Peptides ; Coexistence ; Nucleus tractussolitarii ; Ventral medulla ; Immunohistochemistry ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The medulla oblongata and pons of colchicine treated rats were analyzed with a doublestaining technique using mouse monoclonal antibodies to somatostatin and rabbit polyclonal antibodies raised against methionine-enkephalin. Numerous cells reacted with both antisera but cells reacting with only one antiserum were also observed. Double-stained cells were most frequently encountered at all levels of the nucleus tractus solitarii, in a well defined group in the caudal medullary reticular formation, along the lateral ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, dorsolateral to the inferior olive and in the nucleus raphe magnus. These findings provide further examples of coexistence of two peptides and indicate the possibility that somatostatin-and enkephalin-like peptides are co-released.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Dopamine ; Somatostatin ; Immunocytochemistry ; Coexistence
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The caudal extension of the hypothalamic A13 dopamine cell group (A13c) was studied in the rat brain with immunohistochemical techniques using antibodies raised against the dopamine synthesizing enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC). Adjacent sections revealed that the TH- and AADC-staining patterns exhibited a clear overlap with that for somatostatin (SOM). Employing a double-labelling method with SOM- and AADC-antisera and subsequent elution and restaining of the same section with TH-antiserum, it was found that all immunoreactivities occurred in the same cell bodies. This study gives the first evidence for the presence of SOM-immunoreactivity in dopamine neurons.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The β-cells of the pancreatic islets have been shown to contain γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) together with insulin. Autoradiographic analysis indicated that high affinity GABA binding sites (GABA receptors) are not present in the pancreas. High affinity GABA uptake sites are present, not in β-cells, but in a few cells on the periphery of the islets. These observations cast doubt on the suggestion that GABA has a paracrine role in the pancreas.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The antigen p97 is a tumor-associated antigen that was first identified in human melanomas using monoclonal antibodies. Recently, p97 mRNA was purified and cloned, and a p97 cDNA clone was synthesized. By using the technique of in situ chromosomal hybridization, we have localized the p97 gene to human chromosome No. 3, at bands q28 to q29. p97 belongs to a superfamily of iron-binding proteins that have amino acid homology; other members of this family include transferrin (TF), lactotransferrin, and ovotransferrin. Based upon the shared amino acid homology and upon the observation that the nucleotide sequence is internally duplicated in these genes, it has been proposed that the TF superfamily arose from a common ancestral duplicated gene. The TF gene has also been mapped to the long arm of chromosome No. 3 at bands q21 to q23.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Surface EMG ; Anticipatory postural adjustments ; Voluntary movement ; Human
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The central organization of anticipatory postural adjustments was investigated by examining the influence of preparatory set on the temporal relationship between postural and arm (focal) muscle activation. Surface EMG was recorded from the right tibialis anterior, lateral gastrocnemius, anterior deltoid and posterior deltoid muscles when pushing or pulling on a stiff handle. Preparatory set was manipulated by informing the subject of the upcoming direction of responding with a 80, 50 or 20% certainty. This created high, neutral and low levels of preparatory set, respectively. All six subjects showed activation of postural muscles in advance of focal muscles for both push and pull responses. However, only three subjects showed the expected effect of preparatory set on reaction time performance, i.e., an increase of reaction time with decreasing response probability. For these three subjects, the time between the activation of postural and focal muscles was the same for the high and neutral levels of preparatory set, but increased with a low level of preparatory set. The increased postural-focal latency for the low preparatory set condition was due to a longer delay for the activation of the focal muscles but not the postural muscles. This finding suggests that anticipatory postural adjustments and the activation of focal muscles are triggered by separate motor commands.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: dopamine ; plasma renin activity ; L-dopa ; renal function ; blood pressure
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary L-dopa 7 µg·kg−1·min−1 was given intravenously over 2 h to six healthy subjects, controlled by an infusion of saline on a separate occasion, with measurement of plasma renin activity (PRA), urinary sodium and potassium excretion, effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blood pressure, and pulse rate. Mean PRA fell by 50% following L-dopa, which was significantly different from the slight rise which occurred after saline infusion. There was a significant increase in urinary sodium excretion and effective renal plasma flow on infusion of L-dopa. Mean diastolic blood pressure fell during L-dopa infusion, in contrast to the slight increase which occurred during the control study. These observations confirm the anticipated renal dopaminergic effects of L-dopa and also suggest a dopaminergic influence on renin release in man.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Theoretical and applied genetics 70 (1985), S. 22-31 
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris ; Lectin ; Phaseolin ; Quantitative variation ; Immunoelectrophoresis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Seeds of forty bean cultivars having different lectin types based on two-dimensional isoelectric focusing-sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (IEF-SDS/PAGE) were analyzed for quantities of lectin, phaseolin and total protein. Significant differences were found among groups of cultivars with different lectin types for the quantity of lectin and phaseolin. Cultivars with more complex lectin types based on IEF-SDS/PAGE tended to have higher quantities of lectin and lower quantities of phaseolin than cultivars with simple lectin types. An association between lectin type and the quantity of lectin and phaseolin was found also in the seeds of F2 plants that segregated in a Mendelian fashion for two lectin types. Seeds from plants with the complex lectin type had more lectin and less phaseolin than seeds from plants with the simple lectin type. Therefore, the genes controlling qualitative lectin variation also may influence the quantitative variation of lectin and phaseolin. The results of this study are related to other studies on the quantitative variation for seed proteins and to the possible molecular basis for variation in the quantity of lectins in beans.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...