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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Inter-laboratory quality control ; Neonatal screening ; Inborn errors of metabolism
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Screening of neonates for inborn errors of metabolism has been carried out on a national level since 1969 in the Federal Republic of Germany. To raise the reliability of these routine investigations, we introduced an external quality control in March 1982. Every 2 months ten filter paper samples were sent to the screening centres in West Germany. Some of these samples have a normal and others a slightly raised content of phenylalanine, leucine, methionine and galactose. The success of this external quality control is appraised on the basis of the number of false negative results. In the course of time, screening centres in France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey and Yugoslavia have also practicipated in these inter-laboratory quality controls.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: CNS development ; Dietary treatment ; EEG ; IQ ; Phenylketonuria
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In 34 children with phenylketonuria (PKU) treated early the prognostic value of the age on institution of the diet (within the first 3 months of life) and of the quality of dietary treatment was determined in two different ways: 1) following intelligence closely (IQ) and (2) evaluating the EEG development up to their 12th (n=34) and 15th (n=18) years of life as appropriate. In general, IQ scores were found to be normal from the 4th–15th years of life. In our group of patients there was no effect on the IQ of the timing of diet onset. Children with “strict” dietary control showed a significantly higher IQ than those with “loose” control. One hundred and fifty-four EEGs (10/20 system, awake with eyes closed) were recorded at intervals of 2 years and conventionally evaluated. The development of alpha-activity was found to be normal. Beta-activity was enhanced. Abnormal EEG findings like general slowing and generalized paroxysmal activity (GPA) with or without spikes were more frequent in children with PKU than in controls, with the exception of focal abnormalities. EEG abnormalities increased with advancing age independently of IQ development and showed no relation to either the age at the onset nor the quality of dietary treatment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Neonatal screening in West Germany ; Inborn errors of metabolism ; Results
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Capillary blood samples from almost one million neonates from Baden-Württemberg were investigated for inborn errors of metabolism between 1969 and 1984 in our screening centre. Besides 7 patients with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), 3 with homocystinuria and 18 with galactosaemia, a follow-up of the positive screening results confirmed 94 patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) and 76 with non-PKU hyperphenylalaninaemia (non-PKU HPA). The incidence of PKU is 1: 10 000, and that of HPA in the wider sense (PKU and non-PKU HPA) as obtained by newborn screening before further classification at 6 months 1: 5532. For West Germany as a whole, the number of newly discovered cases with persistent hyperphenylalaninaemia was 1480 in the same period. The subdivision into PKU and non-PKU HPA is not yet possible from this figure. It is strongly suggested that the abnormal results of newborn screening for phenylalanine be designated as hyperphenylalaninaemia (in the wider sense) and that the terms “PKU” or “non-PKU HPA” be used only after further differentiation as carried out by us at the age of 6 months.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European journal of pediatrics 146 (1987), S. A2 
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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