(Hordeum vulgare L.)
Detached tiller culture
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary A high efficiency of Hordeum bulbosum-mediated haploid production in barley has been achieved using a floret culture technique in which florets pollinated with Hordeum bulbosum are cultured on modified N6 media containing 0.5 mg/l kinetin and 1.2 mg/l2,4-D. Cultures were maintained at 25 °C with a 16 h photoperiod for 9 days before embryo rescue. In a comparison of haploid production efficiency using five F1 hybrids from winter x winter and winter x spring barley crosses, 41.6 haploid plants/100 florets pollinated were produced using floret culture. Using detached tiller culture, 13.5 haploid plants/100 florets pollinated were produced. Higher efficiencies achieved with floret culture are attributed to the formation of larger, differentiated embryos. Such embryos lead to higher frequencies of plant regeneration. The F1 from a winter x winter cross was inferior in haploid production compared to F1s from winter x spring crosses. No genotype x technique interaction was observed.
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