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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Seven new homozygous cases of hereditary triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency have been detected in five unrelated families. Two of the families originate in France, the others from Algeria, Yugoslavia, and Morocco. Only the parents coming from Algeria and Morocco were first cousins. In the other parents no evidence of consanguinity was found. All seven patients exhibited the same symptoms, i.e. hemolytic anemia appearing very early after birth associated with pregressive neuromuscular symptoms. Expression of the deficiency is heterogeneous; this had previously been pointed out in the previously reported cases of TPI deficiency. Red cell TPI activity was 3 to 4% of the normal mean in the patients and 50 to 60% in the parents. The latter did not exhibit any clinical symptoms. The levels of red cell glycolytic intermediates and the characteristics of the mutated TPI could be studied in four of the patients only. Substantial increases of red cell dihydroxyacetone phosphate and of fructose 1,6-diphosphate, normal Km of TPI for glyceraldehyde phosphate, and thermoinstability of the enzyme were found. In addition the electrophoretic pattern showed no significant modification of the mobility of the TPI bands, but abnormal decreased staining of the two more anodal bands.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-203X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract When calli from a green habituated cell culture of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) are transfered from dim-light to high-light intensity, red colored spots appear on the surface. Not all cells express the pigmented phenotype, giving rise to variegated patches. The pattern of patch formation is different from one callus to another, although all calluses stem from the same original clone. This clonal variability is an intrinsic property of the tissue and is not affected by light which is only needed for the induction of pigment synthesis, and therefore acts as a revealing factor.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein (human, bovine) ; Folliculo stellate cells ; Adenohypophysis ; Immunocytochemistry ; Monkeys (Macaca irus, Cercopithecus aethiops)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an antibody against bovine S-100 protein, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the pars distalis and the pars tuberalis of the monkey Macaca irus. In the adenohypophysis of Cercopithecus aethiops, labeled cells were present in the pars distalis, pars tuberalis, and pars intermedia. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were found in all pituitaries studied. Surprisingly, an antibody against human S-100 protein did not label the stellate cells of the adenohypophysis. However, in Macaca irus, this antibody gave a strong positive reaction with various other cell types (interstitial cells of the pineal gland, Müller cells of the retina, autonomic ganglionic cells, glial cells of the central nervous system, Schwann cells, Bergmann glia of the cerebellum, fat cells, reticular cells of lymphoid organs). By use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that stellate cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells, “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Thus, a specific relationship to a particular endocrine-cell type could not be observed.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Islets of Langerhans ; S-100 protein ; Insulin ; Glucagon ; Somatostatin ; Pancreatic polypeptide ; Neuro-insular complex ; Monkey, Macaca irus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary S-100 protein-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated by immunocytochemical procedures in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans in the monkey Macaca irus. By use of antibodies against human S-100 protein or bovine S-100 protein, these cells were observed in all islets in the head and tail portions of the pancreas. Immunostained cells were usually located in the center of the islets or sometimes found in a more widely distributed form, but they were never arranged in a regular concentric fashion. The number of immunoreactive cells varied from one islet to another but it was relatively limited making up only 0.75%–6.3% of all insular cells. With the use of the double-immunoenzymatic procedure for demonstration of the four main endocrine cell types (insulin-, glucagon-, somatostatin-and pancreatic polypeptide producing elements), it was possible to establish that S-100 protein-immunoreactive cells represent a distinct cell type. Antibodies against S-100 protein-stained neuroinsular complexes. The present findings speak in favor of a new cell type to be added to the large variety of S-100 protein-immunoreactive cells outside the central nervous system.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: S-100 protein ; Folliculo-stellate cells ; Normal human pituitary, anterior lobe ; Immunocytochemistry
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary With the use of an anti-human S-100 protein antibody, it was possible to reveal a characteristic cell type in the anterior lobe of the normal human pituitary. These cells, so-called folliculo-stellate cells, were present in all pituitaries studied but their number varied from one gland to another. Immunoreactive cells, isolated or grouped, were arranged close to various secretory granulated cells. Especially by use of double immunoenzymatic labeling, it was evident that these cells are spatially related either to somatotropes, prolactin cells and “corticotropes”, or to glycoprotein-containing cells. Such immunoreactive cells were rare or absent in pseudo-follicular arrangements of secretory granulated cells. Since it is now possible to identify this cell type by light microscopy and since no reliable functional significance is known, it seems more advisable to term this cell type “stellate cell” instead of “folliculostellate cell”.
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