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  • 1985-1989  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Hyper- but not normoglycemic cats exposed to 8 min of anoxia show neurologic signs (fasciculations, myoclonic jerks, seizures) that develop after a symptom-free period. We examined brain mitochondrial function and metabolite concentrations at 0, 1, 3, and 5 h following exposure to anoxia, to correlate biochemical findings with the presence (“symptomatic”) or absence (“presymptomatic”) of neurologic signs. Brain mitochondria isolated postexposure only from symptomatic cats showed markedly decreased (-50%), state 3 (ADP-stimulated), and uncoupler-stimulated respiration rates with NAD- and FAD-linked substrates. Respiratory control and ADP/oxygen (ADP/O) ratios remained unchanged, indicating, respectively, that coupling and efficiency of ATP synthesis were preserved. Thus, inhibition of electron transport chain function, not phosphorylative activity, may be rate limiting for respiration. During anoxia, hyperglycemic cats showed higher brain lactate levels (26 versus 20 μmol/g), but similar ATP and phosphocreatine concentrations, compared with normoglycemic cats. After exposure, in all animals lactate and phosphocreatine were restored to control levels, whereas ATP remained at 85%. Cats that became symptomatic demonstrated four- to sixfold increases in lactate and 50% reductions in phosphocreatine. At 3 and 5 h postexposure, symptomatic animals showed significant reductions in ATP concentrations. We conclude that although initially asymptomatic, hyperglycemic cats exposed to anoxia undergo a neurologic deterioration over several hours following reoxygenation that is correlated with inhibition of mitochondrial respiration, increases in tissue lactate, and decreases in energy state.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 47 (1986), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We examined brain mitochondrial function in normo- (5 mM) and hyperglycemic (50 mM) cats after 8 min of anoxia. In anoxic normoglycemic cats, mitochondrial state 3 respiration with NAD-Iinked substrates gluta-mate or pyruvate (both plus malate) was inhibited 30–50%. The uncoupler carbonylcyanide P-trifluoromethoxyphe-nylhydrazone (FCCP) maximally stimulated respiration, indicating that inhibition of phosphorylation, not impairment of electron transport, substrate transport, or oxidation was present. State 3 respiration with succinate (plus rote-none) was unaffected. Mitochondrial respiratory control ratios trended toward reductions whereas ADP/O ratios remained unchanged. In contrast, brain mitochondria from anoxic hyperglycemic cats showed no such inhibition of state 3 respiration and no differences in function from normo- and hyperglycemic control animals except for trends toward loose coupling. Significantly higher brain tissue glucose concentrations were present in hyperglycemic controls as the only metabolite difference compared to normoglycemic controls. At the end of anoxia, hyperglycemic cats exhibited significantly higher cortical lactate and glucose levels but similarly reduced high-energy phosphate concentrations compared to normoglycemic cats. These results demonstrate that increased availability of glucose to gray matter as a consequence of hyperglycemia maintains normal mitochondrial state 3 respiration during exposure to anoxia. Previous survival studies have shown that lower serum glucose concentrations during anoxia are relatively brain protective. This result indicates that the presently described alterations in mitochondrial respiration must be fully reversible.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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