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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Applied physics 40 (1986), S. 153-155 
    ISSN: 1432-0649
    Keywords: 42.60 ; 42.55
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract For a (0.5–0.6)m long He−Ne laser tube, single longitudinal mode 632.8 nm generation is obtained, using a higher gas-mixture pressure and application of an axial magnetic field. An efficient and very simple mode selection is obtained by gas-mixture pressure increase only. A multimode power to single-mode power conversion coefficientk=0.75 is obtained by increasing the tube pressure. A further increase tok=0.85 is possible with optimum magnetic field and gas pressure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-072X
    Keywords: Methanogenesis ; Glycogen (or polysaccharide) ; Acetotroph ; N-Limitation ; ATP
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The ability of Methanosarcina thermophila strain TM-1 to store a reserve polysaccharide was studied using both biochemical methods and thin-section electron microscopy. When grown under conditions of excess carbon and energy (either methanol or acetate) and limiting nitrogen, M. thermophila accumulated a polysaccharide which could be hydrolyzed to glucose by the enzyme amyloglucosidase. This polysaccharide reached levels of 20 mg polysaccharide per g protein in nitrogen-limited cells, while cells limited for carbon, as well as cells in the exponential phase of growth, did not accumulate significant amounts of this polysaccharide. Thin-section electron micrographs of M. thermophila showed glycogen-like inclusion granules in nitrogen-limited cells but not in carbon-limited or exponential-phase cells. These granules were stained by a polysaccharide-specific staining procedure, the PATO stain. The polysaccharide was purified from cell extracts, the iodine-polysaccharide complex gave a maximum absorption at between 500 and 510 nm. The polysaccharide was mobilized within 21 h by cells starved for a carbon/energy source. N-Limited (polysaccharide-containing) acetategrown cells could shift to methanogenesis from methanol more quickly than did C-limited acetate-grown cells lacking polysaccharide, and ATP levels remained higher in N-limited cells. The results are consistant with the hypothesis that this polysaccharide can provide carbon and energy for metabolic shifts but other storage compounds, such as polyphosphate, may also play a similar role.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0789
    Keywords: Hardwood barks ; Composting ; Actinomycetes ; Filamentous fungi ; Yeasts ; Pseudomonads ; Pectinolytic bacteria ; Sporeformers ; Phytotoxicity ; CO2 evolution ; pH ; Temperature ; Microbial succession
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences , Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Summary Physical, chemical, and population changes among microorganisms in a eucalyptus bark mix were examined during composting. The microbial succession was studied in detail by dilution plating. The CO2 evolution corresponded to high microbial numbers. The pH increased rapidly, from 4 to 7.5, before stabilizing at approximately 6.5. Composting increased the availability of most nutrients. Initially, bacteria and filamentous fungi appeared to be the main decomposing organisms. With time, however, yeasts and actinomycetes increased in numbers. The numbers of spore-forming bacteria (Bacillus spp.) and pseudomonads also increased with time. The compost was initially phytotoxic, but ceased to be so within 76 days.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Neuroblastoma ; 131-metaiodobenzylguanedine treatment ; Therapeutic effect ; Tolerance
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Eleven children with neuroblastoma refractory to conventional therapy or relapse of neuroblastoma were treated with 131-metaiodobenzylguanedine (MIBG). The therapeutic results and the side effects were evaluated. In one patient with disseminated bone marrow involvement complete remission was obtained. Partial remission was observed in six patients and stable disease in another. Three patients did not respond to MIBG, in two of them the tumours did not accumulate a sufficient MIBG dose. Clinical and laboratory examinations revealed an excellent tolerance of MIBG in all patients. First attempts to continue cytostasis after MIBG therapy were made. MIBG has a good therapeutic efficacy is sufficiently incorporated into the tumour cell.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: midazolam ; nitrazepam ; young ; elderly ; pharmacodynamics ; healthy volunteers
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Twelve young and twelve elderly subjects received a single dose orally of midazolam 15 mg, nitrazepam 5 mg and placebo in a double-blind, crossover comparison. Midazolam acted rapidly, producing a deep sleep at 1 h in fifteen subjects compared to two after Nitrazepam and none after placebo. No comparison of psychomotor tests was possible at this time, but such tests showed that there was no detectable subjective or objective psychomotor impairment at 4 h postdose with either drug. However, the EEG scores strongly suggested that volunteers were more sleepy at 8 h after nitrazepam in comparison to placebo or midazolam. Both groups appeared to handle the drug in a similar manner, there being no significant differences between the groups in the plasma concentration time curves of nitrazepam, or midazolam. The elderly had higher concentrations of α-hydroxymidazolam. This accounted for a small proportion of the total plasma benzodiazepine concentration, and the mean area under the curve for midazolam and metabolite was not significantly different in the old from that in the young.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Odontogenic keratocyst ; Squamous epithelial antigen ; Anodal protein ; Immunoperoxidase technique
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Fluid from odontogenic keratocysts was analysed. The major protein fraction with a mobility anodal to albumin on electrophoresis was shown not to be albumin or pre-albumin but a non-serum protein. Using an antiserum to keratocyst fluid absorbed with human serum, non-serum components of the odontogenic keratocyst fluid were localised in squamous keratinising epithelia, principally in the upper layers. The same antiserum showed immunolocalisation in squamous cell carcinoma of skin and cervix. No localisation was seen in normal non-squamous epithelia, in liver, stomach and colon or in non-keratinising squamous epithelial cysts of the jaw.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Chronic myeloproliferative disorders ; Thrombocytosis ; Primary Thrombocythaemia ; Granulo ; Erythrocytopoiesis ; Reticulin Fibers ; Circular Deviation ; Histomorphometry ; Bone marrow biopsies
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A histomorphometric analysis was performed on trephine biopsies of the bone marrow in 55 patients with chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMPDs) and marked thrombocytosis (platelet count exceeding 600 × 109/l). This study aimed at discriminating primary (essential) thrombocythaemia (PTH) from the various other subtypes of CMPDs presenting with thrombocytosis. Following the diagnostic requirements postulated by the Polycythemia-vera-Study-Group for PTH and polycythaemia vera rubra (P.vera) and the generally accepted criteria for the establishment of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) and agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM), our cohort of 55 patients was divided into the following subgroups: CML (16 cases), P.vera (11 cases), AMM (13 cases) and finally PTH (15 cases). Histomorphometric measurements revealed that PTH was distinguishable from the other subtypes of CMPDs with respect to several histological variables: patients with PTH had a normal amount of neutrophilic granulo- and erythrocytopoiesis as well as a non-increased content of reticulin (argyrophilic) fibers in contrast to the findings in CML, P.vera and of course AMM. Moreover, sizes of megakaryocytes and their nuclei were significantly greater in PTH and internalization of haematopoietic cells (emperipolesis) was more frequently encountered in comparison with the other subtypes of CMPDs. Deviation of the circular perimeter of megakaryocyte shape was most prominently expressed in CML and AMM, and consequently generated an increased number of a-nuclear cytoplasmic fragments. In contrast to this feature aberration of the nuclei from a circular outline occurred in a less pronounced way in CML, but was excessive in P.vera, AMM and PTH. Our morphometric evaluation demonstrates that certain histological features may serve as a valuable aid in discriminating PTH from the other occasionally thrombocythaemic subtypes of CMPDs.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The polypeptide profile of the cell-adapted strain of bovine coronavirus (Mebus BCV-L9) is remarkably affected by the host cell and trypsin. We compared the structural proteins of virus purified from different cell lines and found cell-dependent differences in the virus structure. BCV was purified from four clones of human rectal tumour cells (HRT-18): 3 F3, D 2, 3 E 3, and 4 B 3. The structural profiles of BCV propagated in clones 3 E 3 and 3 F 3 were identical, consisting of proteins with molecular weights of 185, 160, 140, 125, 110, 100, 52, 46, 37, 31–34, and 26–28 kilodaltons (kd). BCV purified from clone D2 lacked the 100 kd species, and clone 4 B 3 yielded virus lacking the 46 kd protein. We compared the structures of BCV propagated in HRT-18 cells [BCV(HRT-18)] and virus raised in bovine fetal spleen cells [BCV(D 2 BFS)]. The concentration of the 185 kd protein was higher in BCV (D 2BFS), and it also contained a 200 kd species. Protein profiles of in vitro trypsin treated and untreated BCV(HRT-18) differed only under reducing conditions, suggesting that trypsin cleavage sites are located within disulfide-linked regions of affected proteins. Propagation of BCV in D 2 BFS cells in the presence of trypsin resulted in cleavage of the 185 kd protein and a concommitant increase of the 100 kd protein. Activation of the fusion function probably depends on this cleavage process because fusion of BCV-infected D 2 BFS cells is trypsin dependent.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-8798
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary During virus replication a fraction of the intranuclear DNA of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) was present in the nucleosomal structure of infected eukaryotic cells, and virion proteins were associated with the chromatin of virus infected cells. Synthesis of BHV-1 DNA in bovine embryonic lung (BEL) cells was found to begin four to six hours post-infection (p.i.) and to continue until at least 24 hours p.i. Chromatin isolated from infected cell nuclei at ten hours p.i. contained both BHV-1 viral and cell DNA. No BHV-1 DNA was found in mock-infected cell chromatin. Micrococcal nuclease cleavage products of both mock-infected and BHV-1-infected BEL cell nuclei produced monomers and multimers of unit fragment size which were indistinguishable from each other and displayed a typical nucleosome pattern on agarose gels. Southern analyses of micrococcal nuclease digests of infected cell nuclei indicated that some of the intranuclear BHV-1 DNA was present in a nucleosomal form. Three new proteins (with approximate molecular weights: 125,000, 42,000, and 17,000) were identified in chromatin isolated from BHV-1-infected BEL cells at ten hours p.i. These proteins were not present in mock-infected BEL cell chromatin. The 17,000 molecular weight protein was recognized by BHV-1 virion specific antisera. Neither of the two larger proteins appear to bind DNA from BHV-1. The smallest protein co-migrates with cellular histones, but no DNA binding proteins with the same molecular weight were found in the virion.
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