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  • 1985-1989  (4)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A serological survey using alloantisera specific for the H-2 class I antigens in Japanese wild mice,Mus musculus molossinus, revealed a high frequency of the H-2Kf antigen. This antigen has also been found in European wild mice,M. m. domesticus andM. m. musculus. In this survey, the H-2Kf antigen was characterized through the use of ten newly isolated monoclonal antibodies raised against cells of a Japanese wild mouse, and by Southern blot analysis using anH-2K locus-specific probe which hybridizes with the 3′ end of the gene. The serologically identified H-2Kf antigens revealed several minor variations in reactivities to the monoclonal antibodies. However, all the antigens examined could be clearly separated into two types with respect to the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) pattern. The first type, found together with a single, characteristic RFLP pattern, was always associated with the presence of reactivity to one particular monoclonal antibody, MS54. The second type, found to represent different RFLP patterns, is associated with the absence of reactivity to MS54. This concordance between the presence of an antigenic determinant and a particular RFLP was observed not only withinMus musculus subspecies but also in a different species:M. spretus, carrying the same antigenic determinant, gave an identical RFLP to that of the other MS54-positiveMus musculus subspecies. The data suggest that the antigenic determinant specific for MS54 is an ancient polymorphic structure which has survived the long period of diversification ofMus species (approximately 2–3 million years) without alteration, and is associated with a stable DNA structure at the 3′ end of theH-2K gene.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The recombination frequency between the H-2K and H-2D marker loci in male mice was measured using heterozygotes that carry the H-2 wm7 haplotype derived from the Japanese wild mouse and common H-2 haplotypes derived from inbred mice. Previous mating experiments in which backcross progeny of heterozygous females were screened demonstrated that the H-2 2m7 displays marked enhancement of recombination within the H-2 complex. In contrast to recombination in female mice, no enhancement of recombination was observed during male meiosis in the present study. Thus, it appeared that enhancement of recombination is specific to female mice. A genealogical study of recombination indicated that the postmeiotic stage is not involved in the generation of sexual preference of enhancement of recombination, suggesting that the preference is meiotic-drive and that a female-specific mechanism is involved in meiotic recombination mediated by the H-2 wm7 haplotype.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We have already developed nine B10.MOL congenic strains carrying H-2 haplotypes derived from Japanese wild mice, Mus musculus molossinus, with the C57BL/10 genetic background. To obtain monoclonal antibodies against the H-2 antigen of the Japanese wild mouse, we carried out cell fusion using spleen cells from the animal immunized with one of the B10.MOL strains, B10.MOL-SGR (H-2 wm7). As a result, 19 hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies were produced. Analysis with the intro-H-2 recombinants derived from B10.MOL-SGR indicated that 8 of them reacted with the class I and II with the class II molecule. The class I antibodies were tested for their cross -reactivities on wild mice and on the panels of standard inbred and B10.MOL strains. Most of the antibodies reacted with both the Japanese wild mice and the other subspecies, including standard inbred, while two antibodies highly specific for the donor H-2K region reacted with only three wild-derived mice, two M. m. molossinus from Anj o and Shizuoka, Japan, and one M. m. domesticus from Pigeon, Canada. In addition, all of the other four antibodies reactive with the K antigen of B10.MOL-SGR also reacted with the same three wild mice. The wild mice belonging to different subspecies might share very similar H-2K antigenic determinants in spite of their genetic and geographical remoteness.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1211
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Southern blots of genomic DNA from 23 strains of laboratory mice and 19 individual wild mice were examined for restriction fragment length polymorphisms in their loci encoding the T-cell receptors (Tcr): the constant regions of the α, β, and γ chains (C α,C β, andC γ) and a variable region family of the β chain (V β8). Only a few polymorphisms were observed for each locus in the laboratory mice after using three restriction enzymes,Bam HI,Eco RI, andHind III. All the laboratory mice examined fall into one of two types for theC α,C β andV β8 loci and one of three types for theC γ. These types are found in some of the wild mice studied, indicating that they were already present in the founder mice of laboratory mouse strains. In contrast, theTcr genes are highly polymorphic among wild mice. Analysis of the polymorphisms in these loci suggests that laboratory mice have inherited their genes not only fromMus musculus domesticus, but also from other subspecies, and much more than previously believed from Asian subspecies.
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