Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The reaction sequence between the primary electron acceptor, the oxidized Chlorophyll-aII, and the terminal electron donor, the water splitting enzyme system S, is being described in the range from nanoseconds to milliseconds. For the cleavage of water Chlorophyll-aII + extracts four electrons in four turnovers from the enzyme system S responsible for the water oxidation. For each extraction the electron is moved step by step along the chain that connects the Chlorophyll-aII center with that of S. Beginning with the transfer from the immediate donor, D1, to Chl-aII +, the subsequent transfer from D2 to D1 + ends in the electron transfer from S to D2 +. This final act establishes in S the oxidizing equivalent, probably in the form of oxidized manganese. Coupled with these acts is an intrinsic proton release and a surplus charge formation. After the generation of the 4th oxidizing equivalent in a concerted final action the evolution of O2 from water takes place. Correlations between the events are described quantitatively.
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