Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Receptors of 12 lectins in 25 cases of human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) were histochemically investigated by avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) methol. Liver tissues of five cirrhotic patients and five normal subjects were used as controls. SJA receptor was absent both in HCC and controls, while LCA and PSA receptors were present in all tissues studied here. Receptors of DBA, PHA, PNA, UEAI and SBA which did not bind to normal, cirrhotic and pericarcinomatous liver tissues had the positive rates of 4%, 44%, 16%, 4% and 12% in HCC, respectively. Four lectins which strongly bound to the non-cancer liver tissues had their receptors in 96% (ConA, WGA, RCAI) and 36% (BSAI) of HCC. The pretreatment of tissue sections with neuraminidase abolished most of WGA receptors and exposed some PNA binding sites. There were many differences in lectin distribution between HCC and noncancer liver tissues. The changes of glycoconjugates in HCC were discussed.
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