Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
A review of recent results in the literature and from our laboratory lead to drive a general picture of the combustion or rigid PVC as well as to the mechanism by which the most powerful additive can reduce the production of smoke. It is shown that, in smoldering condition the black smoke comes chiefly from direct volatilization of heavy tar molecules from the decomposing residue. The additives change the degradation process of the PVC by catalysis of the intermolecular crosslinking reactions, which compete with the intramolecular reactions leading to formation of benzene. Whatever their initial nature, they are at least partly transformed into chlorides and then into oxides during the combustion process. The oxide of Cu, Fe and also Zn are catalysts of the oxidation of the char residue, which may be partially inhibited by phosphorous compounds. The catalytic effects seem less pronounced in flaming conditions, which cause the productions of soots from the initial tars.
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