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  • Articles  (61)
  • 1980-1984  (61)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Skeletal radiology 7 (1981), S. 135-138 
    ISSN: 1432-2161
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Skeletal radiology 8 (1982), S. 306-310 
    ISSN: 1432-2161
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The proteins of membrane and cytosol fractions from frozen human postmortem brain were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (isoelectric range: 5.1–6.0) and both Coomassie-blue and ammoniacal silver staining. Cytosol preparations were analyzed from six different postmortem brains from patients with various neurologic diagnoses and immediate causes of death. Intervals between death and brain freezing (−70oC) ranged from 2 to 20 h. The vast majority of proteins detected in these cytosol fractions had identical molecular weights and isoelectric points in each of six human brains examined. However, in some tissue samples tubulin was either quantitatively decreased or undetectable. The possibility that this partial or complete depletion of tubulin was related to postmortem interval and/or brain freezing was studied using rat forebrain tissue. Rat brain incubated at room temperature for up to 24 h did not reproduce the changes seen in the region of human cytosol tubulin. However, other changes seen in the two-dimensional electrophoretic pattern of rat cytosol proteins did relate to postmortem interval, brain freezing, or both. Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and smooth endoplasmic reticulum were prepared from three human brains, with highly reproducible two-dimensional patterns. Protein analysis of these membrane fractions revealed that human RER contained significant amounts of tubulin, in contrast to rat RER which contained no detectable tubulin. This discrepancy was elucidated by allowing rat brains to remain at room temperature for 24 h before freezing; gels of rat RER prepared from this tissue showed that tubulin subunits were present.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of neurochemistry 38 (1982), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Postsynaptic density (PSD) preparations isolated from canine cerebral cortex that had been left at 0–37°C for various times were found to become enriched in two bands in a time- but not temperature-dependent manner. The two bands were identified as tubulin subunits by gel mobility and immunology. Of all the isolated synaptic structures the increase in tubulin occurred primarily in the PSD fraction. The increase of tubulin also occurred in PSD preparations isolated from canine cerebellum and rat forebrain. Results obtained when PSD fractions were isolated from canine brain obtained as rapidly as possible after the death of the animal indicate that the maximum amount of tubulin in the PSD preparations is 2.5% of total Coomassie blue-stained protein as determined by scanning of gel electrophoretograms. These results imply that tubulin is probably not a major structural protein of the PSD as it exists in situ.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-0703
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Juvenile starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus) maintained at 4° or 12°C were forced-fed3H-1-naphthalene. At 24 hr, after the initiation of exposure, significantly (p 〈 0.05) higher concentrations (2 to 15 times) of naphthalene were present in tissues of starry flounder at 4°C than those present in fish held at 12°C. The influence of lowering of water temperature on naphthalene retention was even more marked after one week. At this time, muscle and liver of fish at 4°C contained 26 and 34 times, respectively, more naphthalene than did muscle and liver of fish at 12°C. Concentrations of total metabolites, in most tissues were not substantially higher at the lower temperature either 24 or 168 hr after the naphthalene-exposure. Thin-layer Chromatographic separation of the metabolites revealed that at 24 hr, 1,2-dihydro-1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene (dihydrodiol) was the major component in liver (40 to 50% of extracted metabolites) and muscle (∼-80% of extracted metabolites) regardless of the temperature. Bile contained, primarily, conjugates (e.g., glucuronides), which yielded the dihydrodiol as the principal metabolite on enzymatic hydrolysis. From 24 to 168 hr, the concentrations of each metabolite class did not vary directly with the concentrations of total metabolites. Accordingly, at 168 hr, the ratio of total metabolite concentrations in liver of fish at 4°C compared to 12°C was 1.6, whereas the ratios for the dihydrodiol, sulfate/glucoside conjugates and glucuronide conjugates were 4.5, 0.6 and 3.8 respectively. Generally, lowered water temperature increased tissue concentrations of the parent hydrocarbon and its metabolites. However, the magnitude of the increase was dependent upon the compound, the tissue, and the time after the initiation of the exposure. The results emphasize the importance of determining concentrations of individual metabolites together with parent hydrocarbons in tissues of fish when assessing effects of environmental parameters on xenobiotic toxicity.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-0991
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A nitrocellulose-filter-binding assay system for DNA-protein interactions, suitable for use with crude cell lysates, is described. Such an assay system will detect DNA-binding activities, provided that close attention is paid to the overall concentration of proteins and DNA in the reaction system. The extent of the reduction of generalized DNA-binding by the addition of unlabeled competing DNA is shown to be a function of the source of the competing DNA, since the addition of equal quantities of DNA isolated from different organisms produces drastically different effects. A careful choice of labeled and unlabeled DNA permits preferential binding of sequences from labeled DNA and allows the use of the filter-binding assay as an analytical tool during protein purification.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1619-7089
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Hepatic extraction, cellular and subcellular localization of gelatin stabilized Tc-99m sulfur colloid was studied in the rat model with time sequenced microautoradiography from 15 min to 24 h following I.V. administration of the tracer. Hepatic lobular and cellular distribution, quality and quantity of focal grain pattern, grain clusters, remained essentially constant for the period of study. Grain clusters were associated predominantly with Kupffer cells lining the peripheral segment of hepatic lobular sinusoids. Subcellular localization of gelatinized Tc sulfur colloid, stained prior to the I.V. administration with osmium tetroxide, was demonstrated with a transmission electron microscope in unosmicated liver tissue. Extracted Tc sulfur colloid particles were attached in groups to cytoplasmatic membranous intrasinusoidal projections of activated Kupffer cells. Intracytoplasmatic phagocytosis was not demonstrated. The kinetic arrest and en groupe extraction of Tc sulfur colloid particles at the Kupffer cell membrane suggests a specific membrane receptor site and specific Tc sulfur colloid particle-plasma protein interaction at the time of extraction. Hepatic extraction of gelatinized Tc sulfur colloid thus reflects primarily extra and intra hepatic hemodynamics and does not serve as an indicator of phagocytic hepatic reticuloendothelial system function.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 304 (1983), S. 727-730 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] To purify PHF, 30-40 g of frozen AD cortex rich in neurofibrillary tangles were finely chopped, incubated at 25 C for 2h in 50 mM Tris pH7.6, 0.1M b-mercaptoethanol (b-ME), 2% SDS (SDS/b-ME buffer), Dounce-homogenized and heated to 100 C for 5 min. The homogenate was seived once through nylon ...
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Company
    Nature biotechnology 2 (1984), S. 61-61 
    ISSN: 1546-1696
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: [Auszug] To the editor: Your August article on the forth coming Office of Technology As sessment report did well in summa rizing in a brief space a document which could be as important as the OTA's earlier work on the impact of applied genetics. But one point might be amplified: the role of ...
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