Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Utilizing the 5-bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation technique, we have recently studied the DNA replication kinetics in a dicentric X chromosome, formed by long arm-to-long arm fusion at band q23, from a 16-year-old black female with primary amenorrhea. The patient has a karyotype 45,X/46,X,dic(X)(q23). In the buccal smear the presence of X chromatin was found in 33% of the cells examined. The Barr bodies are large and 21% of them are bipartite. DNA replication studies were performed on the patient's lymphocytes by the thymidine pulse (T-pulse) method and confirmed comparatively by the BrdU pulse (B-pulse) method. The results indicate that the dicentric X chromosome is always late-replicating. The replication pattern is symmetric on both sides of the breakpoint and the replication sequence is, in order, p11, p22, q1(1–3), q22, q23, p21, and q21. This finding is comparable to those of other investigators and supports the theory that there exist two inactivation centers in the dicentric X chromosome, located on or near the q21 band.
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