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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Using the indirect immunofluorescent technique with anti-somatostatin serum, the distribution of scattered cells in the duct system of submandibular glands in the Monkey, Macaca irus has been assessed. In both males and females, these cells are located only in some portions of the duct system, e.g. striated ducts and excretory ducts. No immunoreactive cells were observed in the intercalated ducts or in secretory endpieces. The lymphatic node constantly adjacent to the submandibular gland did not contain immunoreactive cells. In the parotid glands, no immunoreactive cells to antisomatostatin immuneserum were ever observed
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Human pituitary adenoma ; Acromegaly ; Light and electron microscopy ; Immunofluorescence ; Radioimmunoassay of GH
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In 22 pure GH cell adenomas and 9 mixed GH cell-prolactin cell adenomas with acromegaly, we compare the morphological and functional data (secretory activity and granular appearance) with GH levels (radioimmunoassays) in the blood and in the tumor. According to morphological criteria, the secretory activity is marked in 13 cases (Group I), mild in 9 cases (Group II), and weak in 9 others (Group III). The mean values of the plasma GH levels in the 3 groups (80 ng/ml±22; 26.5 ng/ml±2; and 16.89 ng/ml±2 respectively) are significantly different. In 17 densely granulated adenomas and 14 sparsely granulated adenomas, the plasma GH values were very variable. The mean levels of these 2 groups (49.76 ng/ml±22 and 41.8 ng/ml±7.8 respectively) are not significantly different. The GH concentrations in the tumor were also very variable (358 to 78,900 ng/mg). Their highly significant relationship with the granular appearance is an indirect proof of the granular localisation of GH. We distinguish between 4 functional aspects of the GH cell adenoma which define the different levels of synthesis, storage, and excretion. The secretory activity of the GH adenomatous cell varies with the adenomas and differs from that of the normal cell.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Pars tuberalis ; Immunofluorescence ; Gonadotropic cells ; βLH, βFSH ; Monkey, Macaca irus
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé La pars tuberalis de l'hypophyse du Singe Macacus irus entoure la tige infundibulaire jusqu'à l'éminence médiane. En techniques histologiques, elle apparaît constituée de plusieurs assises cellulaires d'aspect “chromophobe”. On y observe quelques cellules PAS-positives réagissant simultanément avec le bleu Alcian (pH3.0). En technique d'immunofluorescence indirecte, des cellules dispersées sont mises en évidence uniquement avec un anticorps anti-βoLH; ces cellules ne réagissent pas avec un anticorps anti-βhFSH. L'utilisation d'anticorps anti-hGH, anti-hPRL, anti-ACTH, anti-MSH, anti-LPH et antiendorphines ne permet pas de révéler des cellules immunoréactives. Quelques cellules réagissant avec un anticorps anti-βhTSH s'observent à la base de la tige hypophysaire (zona tuberalis), c'est-à-dire au-delà de la pars tuberalis proprement dite. Ces résultats sont confrontés à ceux rapportés dans la littérature.
    Notes: Summary The pars tuberalis of the hypophysis in the monkey Macaca irus encompasses the hypophysial stem up to the median eminence. Histologically, it consists of several layers of chromophobic cells. A few PAS1-positive cells also stainable with Alcian blue (pH 3.0) can be observed among the unstained elements. Using the indirect immunofluorescence antibody technique, scattered immunoreactive cells were revealed with the anti-βoLH antibody; these cells did not react with the anti-βhFSH antibody. In contrast, the immunoreactions to anti-hGH, anti-hPRL, anti-ACTH, anti-MSH, anti-LPH and anti-endorphin sera were completely negative. Single cells reacting with the anti-βhTSH serum were observed at the inferior end of the hypophysial stalk (zona tuberalis), i.e., beyond the pars tuberalis proper. These results are compared with data reported in the literature.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Wulzen's cone ; Immunofluorescence ; Bovine adenohypophysis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé Le cône de Wulzen de l'adénohypophyse bovine présente un développement et une disposition générale variables. Il est accolé à la pars intermedia dont il n'est séparé par aucune cloison conjonctive. Du côté de la fente hypophysaire, il est revêtu par un épithélium simple, cubique. En immunofluorescence, on observe la présence de divers types de cellules glandulaires: les plus abondantes sont des cellules mises en évidence par un anticorps anti-oPRL, isolées ou groupées en amas. D'autres cellules réagissent avec des anticorps anti-hGH, et anti-bLH, anti-βoLH ou anti-/mTSH. Quelques cellules réagissent simultanément avec des anticorps anti-βMSH, anti-1–24ACTH, anti-17–39ACTH, anti-βLPH et anti-βendorphine. Mises à part les nombreuses cellules à prolactine, les autres types cellulaires apparaissent constamment sous l'aspect d'éléments isolés. Nous n'avons pas observé de cellules réagissant avec des anticorps anti-leu-enképhaline, antiinet-enképhaline ou anti-calcitonine ni dans le cône de Wulzen, ni dans la pars distalis et dans la pars intermedia.
    Notes: Summary The Wulzen's cone of the bovine adenohypophysis presents a variable development and general arrangement. It is joined to the pars intermedia with no intervening connective tissue. It is covered by a single layer of cubical cell epithelium on the side of the hypophysial cleft. Immunofluorescence reveals the presence of different glandular cell types. The most abundant cells are those demonstrated by an anti-oPRL antibody and are either isolated or clustered. Other cells react with anti-hGH, anti-bLH, anti-βoLH or anti-βhTSH antibodies. Some cells react simultaneously with anti-βMSH, anti-1–24ACTH, anti-17–39ACTH, anti-βLPH and anti-βendorphin antibodies. Cell types other than the numerous prolactin cells appear only as isolated elements. We did not observe cells reacting with anti-leu-enkephalin, anti-met-enkephalin or anti-calcitonin antibodies either in the Wulzen's cone or in the pars distalis or pars intermedia.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Monkeys ; Vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) ; Baboon (Papio hamadryas) ; Gonadotropic cells ; Pars distalis ; Immunofluorescence
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Résumé Des anticorps anti-LH ovine, anti-βLH ovine et anti-βFSH humaine ont été utilisés pour localiser les cellules gonadotropes dans la pars distalis de l'hypophyse des Singes Cercopithecus aethiops et Papio hamadryas. Trois catégories cellulaires distinctes, réagissant avec des anticorps anti-hormones gonadotropes, ont été observées. 85% des cellules immunoréactives identifiées en tant que cellules gonadotropes réagissent simultanément avec les différents anticorps mentionnés; 10% des cellules gonadotropes réagissent seulement avec l'anticorps anti-βoLH et 5% de ces cellules seulement avec l'anticorps anti-βhFSH. La comparaison avec des coupes adjacentes traitées par divers anticorps autres que les anticorps anti-gonadotropines prouve que les “cellules gonadotropes” de ces Singes ne réagissent jamais simultanément avec l'un ou l'autre de ces anticorps.
    Notes: Summary Antisera against oLH1, βoLH and βhFSH were used to localize gonadotropic cells in the pars distalis of Cercopithecus aethiops and Papio hamadryas. Three separate cell types were observed for FSH and LH: 85% of immunohistochemically identified gonadotropic cells reacted to all the various antisera; 10% reacted with the anti-βLH antibody only; and 5% with the anti-βhFSH antibody only. Comparisons between adjacent serial sections treated with various antisera, other than anti-gonadotropic hormones, demonstrated that the “gonadotropic cells” of these monkeys did not respond to these antisera.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1971
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary To determine the most reliable echocardiographic criteria of the pulmonary valve echo in predicting pulmonary artery (PA) pressures or PA resistance, 48 children, aged 6 months to 16 years with congenital (CHD) or rheumatic heart disease (RHD), were studied During routine heart catheterization, simultaneously recorded PA pressures and one-dimensional PA valve echograms were obtained. Echocardiographic measurements of the e–f and b–c slopes, the “a” dip, right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) systolic time intervals (STI; PEP = pre-ejection period; ET = ejection time), and their ratios were compared with PA systolic, diastolic, and mean pressures as well as with pulmonary arteriolar resistance (PAR) and the ratio PAR to systemic resistance (SR). The e–f slope and b–c slope correlated poorly with PA pressures and PAR. RVPEP/RVET ratio gave a good second-degree polynomial correlation with PA diastolic pressure, PAR and PAR/SR in CHD (r=.78, .79, .87). The correlation was better for children with CHD than for those with RHD. This correlation was also more significant than RVPEP/LVPEP, and RVET/LVET. The “a” dip correlated well with the diastolic PA pressure in CHD and RHD (r=.73). A multivariant analysis of the “a” dip and RVSTI ratios slightly improves the correlation coefficient and the prediction rate for PA diastolic pressures, PAR, and resistance ratios in CHD and CHD + RHD.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1971
    Keywords: Percutaneous catheterization ; Heparinization ; Femoral artery thrombosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary One thousand three hundred and sixteen consecutively catheterized infants and children were evaluated prospectively for femoral artery thrombosis following percutaneous cardiac catheterization. One hundred units/kg heparin bolus was given to 649 patients after arterial puncture (group A). A supplementary 50 units/kg of heparin bolus was given to 381 patients 75 minutes later, followed by a continuous heparin infusion if pulses were decreased (group B). Two hundred forty-one patients were managed similarly except the first supplementary bolus was given 45 minutes after initial heparinization, if necessary, and the second bolus and continuous infusion were begun 45 minutes later, if necessary (group C). Arterial thrombosis was diagnosed if pulses were not equal to those of the unused extremity 6 hours following catheterization. The overall incidence of arterial thrombosis was 0.8%. No statistically significant (p〈.05) differences occurred related to the heparinization method used. However, absence of thrombosis in the last 241 consecutive patients (group C) and in the last 480 patients of groups B and C weighing more than 10 kg approaches significance (p〈.1). Incidence of thrombosis was less than in previous studies (p〈.0005 to .05). This study indicates that a very low incidence of arterial thrombosis can be achieved with systemic heparinization.
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