Conjugative plasmid transfer
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The broad host-range IncP-1 plasmids RP4 and RK2 were transferred by conjugation from Escherichia coli to Alcaligenes eutrophus H16. Among the transconjugants selected on media containing tetracycline, a considerable number did not express kanamycin resistance. By comparing restriction patterns of plasmids isolated from a large number of transconjugants a variety of different deletion derivatives were found. All of these possess more or less extended deletions always including parts of the tra 1-region. The plasmids RP4 and RK2, once established in A. eutrophus H16 showed a high stability and it can be concluded that deletion formation is connected with the conjugation process. Evidence is given that degradation of DNA entering an A. eutrophus recipient cell during the conjugative transfer process may be involved in deletion formation. Furthermore, the finding of a small deletion derivative of RP4 lacking the transacting replication function trfB and the entire kil-kor-system may allow the assumption that these gene functions are not essential for replication and maintenance of RP4 in A. eutrophus hosts.
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