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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Electron microscopic cytochemical studies on the rat choroid plexus epithelium have revealed enzymatic sites for the activities of acid phosphatase, glucose-6-phosphatase and thiamine pyrophosphatase on different organelles. Only the activity of acid phosphatase has been previously described. Acid phosphatase, glucose-6-phosphatase and thiamine pyrophosphatase were respectively situated mainly in the lysosomes, in the endoplasmic reticulum and nuclear envelope, and in the Golgi complex. These three enzymes can thus be considered as marker enzymes for their respective organelles in the choroid plexus epithelial cells as well as in other tissue cells. The possible function of these enzymes in the choroid plexus epithelial cells is also briefly discussed.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Localization of carbonic anhydrase activity was studied electron microscopically on cells of the rat choroid plexus epithelium. For the ultracytochemical detection of these activities, Yokota's technique (1969), which is the modification of Hansson's method (1967) was employed. Numerous electron dense reaction products were observed in the microvilli of the choroidal epithelial cell. The reaction deposits were also remarkably present in the infoldings of the basal plasmalemma but to a lesser extent than in the microvilli. The localization sites were mainly on the plasma membrane, but some reaction products were also observed in the cytoplasm near the plasma membrane. Hardly any reaction product was found in the intracellular organelles except for the mitochondria in which reaction products were occasionally observed on the cristae. These activities were completely inhibited by acetazolamide. As the carbonic anhydrase activity was histochemically seen in the microvilli and the basal infoldings, it is likely that carbonic anhydrase is related to an active transport process in the secretion of cerebrospinal fluid as is Na+, K+-ATPase (Masuzawa et al. 1980).
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Primary rhabdomyosarcoma ; Brain tumor ; Ultrastructure ; Basal ganglia
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Primary intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma is extremely rare. A case of primary rhabdomyosarcoma in the left basal ganglia is described in a 2-year-old boy. The investigations revealed no primary lesion elsewhere except in the brain. At the electron-microscopic level, the majority of the cells contained specific microfilamentous bundles, which were either distributed at random or organized in myofibrils identified by their cross striations with primitive Z band formation.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Acta neuropathologica 62 (1984), S. 225-229 
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Dandy-Walker syndrome ; Dandy-Walker cyst ; Ependymal cell ; Ultrastructure ; Electron microscopy
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The ultrastructure of the wall of the Dandy-Walker cyst has been described rarely. A boy aged 2 years was confirmed clinically, neuroradiologically, and operatively as having a Dandy-Walker cyst in the posterior fossa. The cyst wall obtained during surgery consisted of an outer arachnoid cell layer, intermediate interwoven neuroglial strands, and an inner layer of cells which lacked the characteristic appearance of ependyma. An unusual finding was a small, buried island of ependymal cells in the intermediate layer of the neuroglial tissue. Ultrastructural study of the cyst wall provides a better understanding of the pathogenesis of the Dandy-Walker syndrome.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0533
    Keywords: Choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) ; Malignant DCPP ; Choroid plexus endothelium ; Ultrastructure
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A disseminated choroid plexus papilloma (DCPP) with a malignant change in the cervico-spinal leptomeninges observed 4 years after the removal of choroid plexus papilloma (CPP), originating from the fourth ventricle, was studied under the electron microscope. Although the ultrastructure of intracranial CPP has been reported by several authors, there are just a few reports on DCPP. The present tumor was ultrastructurally very similar to normal choroid plexus, but the lack of the capillary fenestration and of invaginations of the epithelial basal plasmalemmas suggested that the epithelium was deprived of secretory function.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1434-4726
    Keywords: Motorische Neurone ; M. cricothyreoideus ; Nucleus ambiguus ; Retrograde Fluoreszenzmarkierung ; Hund ; Motor neurons ; Cricothyroid muscle ; Nucleus ambiguus ; Fluorescent retrograde labeling ; Dog
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Summary Injection of 4′6-diamidino-2-phenylindol 2 HCl (DAPI) into the cricothyroid muscle of the adult dog resulted in blue fluorescence of cells found exclusively in the rostral part of the ipsilateral nucleus ambiguus. These labeled neurons on the average extended 1.8 mm from the level just caudal the facial nucleus to the caudal extension. In the rostral tip of the nucleus, labeled cells were located in a scattered ventral group of larger neurons of the nucleus.
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Nach Injektion von 4′6-diamidino-2-phenylindol 2 HCl (DAPI) in den M. cricothyreoideus des erwachsenen Hundes zeigten die Zellen im rostralen Teil des ipsilateralen Nucleus ambiguus eine blaue Fluoreszenz. Die markierten Neuronen lagen kaudal vom Nucleus facialis. In der rostralen Spitze des Nucleus waren die Zellen in einer aufgelockerten ventralen Gruppe größerer Neurone lokalisiert.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1749-6632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-1920
    Keywords: Cerebral angiography ; Migraine ; Vasodilatation ; Vasospasm
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Curious cerebral angiographic changes are described in a 27-year-old female migraine patient. During the period of observation of this patient, both the intracranial carotid artery and the vertebrobasilar artery systems presented unusual and fascinating cerebral arteriographic pictures. In an attack of migraine, angiography showed that all the intracranial secondary and tertiary branches of the carotid arterial system were dilated without showing any changes in the extracranial arteries and when the migraine attack had subsided, all branches of the carotid arteries as well as the vertebrobasilar arteries demonstrated abnormal segmental narrowings or vasospasm. These sequential angiographic changes have not been hitherto reported in migraine.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1920
    Keywords: Subdural hygroma ; head injury ; computed tomography ; young adult ; cerebrospinal fluid
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The authors report on two cases of post-traumatic subdural hygroma that were encountered in young adults. Serial computed tomograms were taken immediately following trauma and for more than 4 weeks thereafter. In the case of a 28-year-old man with a skull fracture, an initial CT scan revealed a thin crescentic subdural collection in the right frontal area. A successive CT scan on the 36th postoperative day revealed developed subdural hygroma, and the CSF-like fluid was surgically evacuated. In the second case, involving an 18-year-old man, a very thin bifrontal subdural collection was found on the initial CT scan, and on the 15th post-traumatic day CT scan demonstrated a bifrontal subdural hygroma. No surgical treatment was carried out, and the follow-up CT scan on the 29th post-traumatic day demonstrated no change in size. The two young patients were slightly symptomatic during the period involved, and the repeat unenchanced CT scans showed subdural lesions of less than brain density, even in the chronic stage.
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