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  • 1
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We have searched for anatomical connections between the ventral mesencephalic tegmentum (VMT), including the dopaminergic cell group A10 and the locus coeruleus (LC) region. Tritiated leucine (120–220 nl) and horseradish peroxidase delivered by electrophoresis were injected in the VMT-A10 region. We have demonstrated, on the one hand bilateral projections from the VMT-A10 region to LC, and on the other hand a possible contralateral projection from LC to VMT-A10 region. These relationships, reported for the first time may have some important functional significance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1106
    Keywords: Parataenial nucleus ; Nucleus accumbens ; Autoradiography ; Thalamus ; Limbic system ; Rat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary In this study the intrastriatal distribution of afferents arising from the parataenial nucleus of the thalamus was investigated. Tritiated leucine and proline injected into the parataenial nucleus was found to densely label the entire anterior-posterior extent of the medial nucleus accumbens. The projection was for the most part limited to this striatal subregion, although some moderate labelling was found along the medial wall of the anterior caudateputamen. The terminal labelling within accumbens was characterized by a distinct patchiness. Other efferent connections of the parataenial nucleus observed in this study include the thalamic reticular nucleus, the basolateral and central nuclei of the amygdala, the septum, the medial frontal cortex, the entorhinal cortex and subiculum. This projection is distributed to the “limbic afferented” sector of striatum, and there is a nearly complete overlap between the parataenial afferents and those coming from hippocampus. The present findings suggest that the parataenial nucleus is an important thalamic link between limbic and striatal processing.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Self-stimulation ; Area ventralis tegmenti ; Lateral hypothalamus ; Reserpine ; Tyrosine hydroxylase inhibition ; Dopamine Β-hydroxylase inhibition
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The behavioral effects of low doses of the catecholamine (CA) synthesis inhibitor, α-methyl-p-tyrosine (α-MPT, 50 mg/kg i.p.), or the norepinephrine (NE) synthesis inhibitors (FLA-63, 15 mg/kg i.p., U-14624, 50 mg/kg i.p., or disulfiram, 150 mg/kg i.p.) were studied in rats pretreated with reserpine (1 mg/kg i.p.) 24 h before. Rats were implanted either in the area ventralis tegmenti (AVT) or in the lateral hypothalamus (LH). The modifications of CA synthesis and endogenous CA levels were estimated in a parallel experiment. Reserpine treatment produced a slow decrease in self-stimulation (SS) rates during the first 12 h; SS rates were 85% of control values 24 h after reserpine treatment. Injection of α-MPT in reserpine-pretreated rats inhibited SS (85% decrease 3 h after administration either in AVT or LH rats), whereas dopamine Β-hydroxylase inhibition had no great effect on SS. The administration of very low doses of α-MPT (20 mg/kg i.p.) to rats treated with reserpine (24 h before) plus FLA-63 (1 h before) induced an important decrease in SS rates in AVT-implanted rats only. The major conclusion is that dopaminergic neurons seem to be involved in AVT and LH SS. The last experiment suggests the involvement of a balance between dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurons in AVT SS.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-2072
    Keywords: Arginine vasotocin ; Melatonin ; Exploration
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Synthetic arginine vasotocin (AVT) was infused into rat brains either by intraventricular administration or by local infusion on the pineal body. Subsequently, exploratory behavior was analyzed in a hole board. The behavioral effects induced by this peptide were dependent on the time of day, i. e. the light or the dark phase. High intraventricular doses (0.4 μg) administered during the light phase altered exploratory activity such that the number of hole visits was increased, while the duration of each visit was decreased; lower doses producted no effect. In contrast, during the dark phase, peripineal infusion of AVT (10-4 pg) attenuated the number of hole visits and increased the mean duration of the visits. The strongest effects were obtained with peripineal applications during the dark phase. This treatment also resulted in significantly lowered levels of pineal melatonin.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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