Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Blown-film extrusion experiments were carried out to investigate the elongational flow behavior of viscoelastic polymer melts at different melt temperatures. Materials chosen for study were high-density polyethylene, lowdensity polyethylene, and polypropylene. In the study, isothermal blown-film extrusion experiments were carried out in which the molten blown film traveled upward through a heated chamber of about 13 in. in length maintained at the same temperature as the melt. Axial tension was measured at the take-up roller, the axial profiles of bubble diameter were determined by a photographic technique, and, from the samples collected, the variation in the film thickness along the axial direction was found. These measurements were used later to determine the elongational viscosity, using the force balance equations. It was found, in the experiment, that a careful control of the pressure difference across the thin film permitted one to maintain the bubble diameter constant, and, therefore, depending on the choice of the extrusion conditions, either a uniaxial or biaxial elongational flow was made possible. The experimental results show that, depending on the materials, elongation rate, and melt temperature tested, the elongational viscosity may decrease or increase with elongation rate, and may also stay constant independent of elongation rate. It was observed that the data of elongational viscosity obtained under uniaxial stretching in blown film extrusion is consistent with the data of elongational viscosity obtained earlier by use of the melt-spinning operation.
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