Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Tryptophan hydroxylase in young chicken brain had a pH optimum of 7.5–8, depending on the buffer used. It had apparent Km values for tryptophan and tetrahydrobiopterin of 49 μM and 32 μM respectively. The enzyme in chicken brain, but not rat brain, was cold-shock labile but was stable for up to 4 days at — 20°C. Lability was observed both in tissues and homogenates of these tissues subjected to cold shock, but the extent of loss of activity varied between brain regions. Supernatant fractions did not lose activity after cold shock. The highest level of tryptophan hydroxylase was found in the rostral region of the chicken brainstem. High levels were also found in the caudal region of the brainstem, the midbrain, thalamus, caudate and cerebral cortex. The cerebellum and optic chiasma contained only traces of activity.
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