Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Various electronic indices calculated by the CNDO/s-CI method for uracil, 5-fluorouracil, thymine, and cytosine and the Woodward-Hoffmann rule applied to the photodimerization of these molecules lead us to the following conclusions: (i) decrease of the C5—C6 bond order consequent to excitation is generally correlated with the photodimerization reaction for all the biological pyrimidines; (ii) excited pyrimidine molecules may be nonplanar and the excitation would be delocalized over both the molecules which photodimerize; (iii) electrostatic interactions may play a significant role in the initial stages of the photodimerization reaction; (iv) singlet precursors to the stable triplet photodimers may exist; and (v) electron density does not, in general, increase in the C5—C6 bond in the excited state as compared to the ground state, contradicting the proposals of some earlier workers. Hybrid population densities and σ-bond orders have been calculated for the first time for the molecules. Fluorine in 5-fluorouracil perturbs the hybrid populations as compared to those of uracil mainly in its vicinity.
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