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  • 1975-1979  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The specific decomposition rates of chemically activated methylcyclobutane produced from CH2(1A1) reaction with cyclobutane have been determined. CH2(1A1)was produced from ketene photolyses at 3340 and 3130 Å and from diazomethane photolyses at 4358 and 3660 Å. Comparisons of the excitation energies of the methylcyclobutane, determined by RRKM theory calculations, and the experimental results for the ketene systems, with thermochemically predicted maximum excitation energies, favor an Arrhenius A factor in the range of 5 × 1015 to 1 × 1016 sec-1 for methylcyclobutane. This result is consistent with (1) the comparison of RRKM theory calculations and the experimental unimolecular falloff for methylcyclobutane, (2) the comparison of experimental A factors for cyclobutane and other alkylcyclobutane decompositions, and (3) two out of three reported experimental A factors for methylcyclobutane. An analysis of these and previous results leads to a value of the CH2(1A1) ↔ CH2(3B1) energy splitting of 9±3 kcal/mole.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Present ideas about the surface and interior of Venus are based on data obtained from (1) Earth-based radio and radar: temperature, rotation, shape, and topography; (2) fly-by and orbiting spacecraft: gravity and magnetic fields; and (3) landers: winds, local structure, gamma radiation. Surface features, including large basins, crater-like depressions, and a linear valley, have been recognized from recent ground-based radar images. Pictures of the surface acquired by the USSR's Venera 9 and 10 show abundant boulders and apparent wind erosion. On the Pioneer Venus 1978 Orbiter mission, the radar mapper experiment will determine surface heights, dielectric constant values and small-scale slope values along the sub-orbital track between 50°S and 75°N. This experiment will also estimate the global shape and provide coarse radar images (40–80 km identification resolution) of part of the surface. Gravity data will be obtained by radio tracking. Maps combining radar altimetry with spacecraft and ground-based images will be made. A fluxgate magnetometer will measure the magnetic fields around Venus. The radar and gravity data will provide clues to the level of crustal differentiation and tectonic activity. The magnetometer will determine the field variations accurately. Data from the combined experiments may constrain the dynamo mechanism; if so, a deeper understanding of both Venus and Earth will be gained.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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