Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Six methyl-substituted wholly aromatic polyamides were synthesized from the reaction of 2,5-dimethylterephthaloyl chloride with p-phenylenediamine, its 2,5-dimethyl and 2-methyl derivatives, m-phenylenediamine, or its 2-methyl and 4-methyl derivatives by solution polycondensation at low temperature. The x-ray diffraction diagrams of the polyamides obtained exhibit crystal patterns. Density values range from 1.26 to 1.37 g/cm3. NMR spectra determined in concentrated H2SO4 solution are reported. Poly(2,5-dimethylterephthalamides) have lower thermal stability than the corresponding polyterephthalamides. The increase in solubility of polyamide by the introduction of the 2,5-dimethylterephthaloyl linkage is accompanied by a decrease in thermal stability. The effect of methyl substituents on thermal properties and solubility is discussed in terms of the packing of polymeric molecules and the extent of hydrogen bonding of the amide groups.
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