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  • 1975-1979  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Summary Energetic electrons are continually removed from the radiation belts by resonant pitch-angle scattering with ELF turbulence. A realistic simulation of the concomitant precipitation loss of such electrons to the atmosphere shows it to be a significant source for the nocturnal ionospheric D-region. During geomagnetically quiet (non-storm) periods, precipitating electrons are expected to provide the dominant nocturnal ionization source at medium invariant latitudes corresponding to field lines just inside the plasmapause. When the level of scattering turbulence is high the quiet time precipitation can dominate for an extended range of latitudes (Λ∼ 55° to 65°). Observed fluctuations in the level of scattering turbulence should produce modulations in the concentration of nocturnal middle latitude D-region electrons which may be detected using radio probing techniques.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Space science reviews 23 (1979), S. 499-538 
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract This paper reviews major developments in our understanding of the physics of energetic heavy ions in the Earth's plasma environment during the past four years (1974–1977). Emphasis is placed on processes that influence or are influenced by the ion charge states. This has been a period of growing awareness of the important role heavy ions play in space plasmas. Large fluxes of helium ions and even heavier ions have been observed at the geostationary altitude and in the heart of the radiation belts. Such ions have also been observed on low latitude rockets and satellites, and oxygen ion precipitation exceeding that of protons has been reported. In the outer parts of the Earth's plasma envelope there is mounting evidence for significant fluxes of heavy ions: in the magnetotail, the magnetosheath and in the polar cusp regions. In the inner magnetosphere there is a limited theoretical understanding of equatorially mirroring ions, but generally only radial diffusion at one pitch angle and pitch angle diffusion at one L- shell have been studied; for ions the coupled equations are yet unsolved even for the simplest case of only one charge state (protons). Theoretical modeling of the charge state structures of geophysical heavy ion populations is in part frustrated by the lack of adequate laboratory measurements of the pertinent charge exchange cross sections. A first attempt has, however, been made to treat the charge state transformation processes in the radiation belts for equatorially mirroring atomic oxygen ions. Wave-particle interactions in the magnetosphere become much more complex in multi component and multi charge state plasmas where hybrid resonances and wave-particle interaction induced non-linear species-species coupling could be important. Heavy ion plasma physics in the Earth's magnetosphere and in the magnetospheres of other planets should be a field of fruitful study for both experimentalists and theoreticians in the years ahead.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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