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  • Springer  (3)
  • 1970-1974  (3)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Canavanine kills Chlamydomonas reinhardi because it is incorporated into protein. This has made it possible to develop a convenient method for isolating mutants which are conditionally defective in protein synthesis. Sixty percent of all mutants isolated by this method prove to have reversible defects in protein synthesis. These mutants have a variety of phenotypes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1351
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Command fibers located in the circumesophageal connectives which modify scaphognathite and heart rhythms have been mapped and characterized in the crab,Cancer magister. Behavior: Crabs show a variety of responses to external stimuli often including simultaneous cessation of cardiac and scaphognathite “pumping”. Habituation and a return to prestimulus rhythms results from continued stimulation. The response to short stimulus durations, on the other hand, generally outlasts the stimulus indicating the playing-out of a motor program. Neurophysiology: Small bundles of fibers have been isolated from desheathed connectives. Activity in these fibers resulting from stimulation of various anterior sensory receptors was recordeden passant with suction electrodes. When sensory stimulation produced both electrical activity in the nerves under examination and a cardiac and/or scaphognathite response it was assumed such units were involved in inducing this response. This was tested by electrical stimulation delivered through the same electrode. Those units which produced similar responses to natural and artificial stimulation were deemed “command fibers”. It was invariably found that the minimum stimulating frequency needed to mimic naturally induced responses was much greater than the frequency at which the units discharged in response to those stimuli. During mapping experiments, command fibers were characterized with respect to their positions in the connectives and by the responses they produced at different frequencies of stimulation. 68% of the fibers identified affected both cardiac and scaphognathite systems, 29% the scaphognathites alone and 3% the heart alone. The frequency-response profiles of single bivalent command fibers were often different from the heart and scaphognathites. These findings help explain the responses of both systems to natural stimuli and also indicate that the circulatory and respiratory systems not only perform in concert, but are often under common control.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract (1) From May to December 1971 at six sites in upstate New York, samples of freshwater Aufwuchs (the largely algal “scum” flora) were collected on sets of exposed microscope slides. Successive standing crop biomass estimates are presented as analyses of total organic carbon (by wet oxidation) and total nitrogen (by micro-Dumas). Nutritional quality of the Aufwuchs can be assessed in carbon to nitrogen (C:N) ratios, and these are correlated with substantive data from concurrent studies on the growth and fecundity of second trophic level snails (Laevapex and Lymnaea). (2) Peak values of carbon biomass for the six sites range from 1.1 mgC/dm2 to 4.2 mgC/dm2, and mean C:N ratios ranged from 3.7:1 to 10.1:1 (corresponding to 29% protein). Higher snail growth rates (computed as increase in mgC/100 snails/30 days) and greater fecundities correlate, beyond certain minimal levels of carbon biomass, to lower C:N ratios in the corresponding Aufwuchs samples. (3) In discussing these nutritional aspects of Aufwuchs production, it is emphasized that freshwater macrophytes have C:N ratios well above 17:1, and are not much fed upon. In smaller bodies of fresh water, the most important sector of primary production is that of the Aufwuchs, and its nutritional quality in terms of lower C:N ratios is of unique significance to the bioenergetics of the second trophic level invertebrates.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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