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  • Polymer and Materials Science  (4)
  • 1970-1974  (4)
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  • Polymer and Materials Science  (4)
  • Physics  (4)
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Year
  • 1
    ISSN: 0449-296X
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: High molecular weight, 1:1 alternating copolymers of 1-bicyclobutanecarbonitrile with styrene were prepared in tetramethylenesulfone solution by complexing the electron-poor bicyclobutane monomer with zinc chloride. Methyl 1-bicyclobutanecarboxylate under these conditions gave copolymers containing a slight excess of styrene units (ratio 1:1.3 to 1:1.8). High molecular weight homopolymers of 1-bicyclobutanecarbonitrile and of methyl 1-bicyclobutanecarboxylate were prepared similarly. The tendency of the bicyclobutane nitrile to form 1:1 alternating copolymers is as great as that of its vinyl analog, acrylonitrile, and the synthesis of other alternating copolymers from this monomer should be possible.
    Additional Material: 2 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0449-296X
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Ethyl 2,3-dicyanoacrylate was prepared from ethyl 2,3-dicyanopropionate. High molecular weight, 1:1 alternating copolymers of styrene with tricyanoethylene and ethyl 2,3-dicyanoacrylate were prepared by bulk polymerization with the use of free-radical initiators. Solution polymerization of styrene with ethyl 2,3-dicyanoacrylate in acetonitrile gave the highest molecular weight copolymer (ηinh = 0.74). The copolymers showed unusual thermal properties, i.e., an initial break that was 50-75°C lower than that of polystyrene followed by the formation of an intermediate product that was fairly stable to approximately 500°C.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: 6,8-Dioxabicyclooctane (DBO) and 3,6,8-trioxabicyclooctane (TBO) underwent ring-opening polymerization when treated with PF5 in dichloromethane at -78°C. These conditions were outstandingly effective for the polymerization of these bicyclic monomers, as shown by systematic variation of catalyst, solvent, and temperature. Best results were 68-84% yields of poly-DBO, ηinh 0.26-0.33 dl/g, and ∼100% yield of poly-TBO, ηinh 0.56-0.80 dl/g. The relationship of these results to those of previous investigators of DBO discussed.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0360-6376
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: 3,3-Difluorocyclobutene-1-carbonitrile (DFCB) was synthesized via cycloaddition of 1-chloro-2,2-difluoroethylene and acrylonitrile, followed by dehydrochlorination with 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane in tetrahydrofuran. Unlike cyclobutene-1-carbonitrile, this monomer did not homopolymerize either under radical or anionic conditions. As an electron-poor monomer it copolymerized in the presence of free radicals with electronrich monomers such as styrene in good yield. It also copolymerized with electron-poor monomers such as acrylonitrile, although in lower yields. The extent of incorporation of DFCB in the copolymers also depended on the electronic characteristics of the comonomers: high incorporation occurred with electron-rich monomers, low incorporation with electron-poor monomers. One extremely electron-poor monomer, trimethyl ethylenetricarboxylate, did not copolymerize with DFCB.
    Additional Material: 2 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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