Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The tip potential of Ling-Gerard glass microelectrodes changes upon insertion into cells and thus impedes the determination of the actual membrane potential. The lower the membrane potential of a cell, the larger will be the error due to this tip potential. However, as is demonstrated, a relationship exists between the tip potential of the electrode and the measured potential difference, which allows the determination of the membrane potential of a particular cell type by linear regression. This method showed that resting lymphocytes had no membrane potential, whereas for the slime mouldDictyostelitim discoideum a membrane potential of about −9 mV could be calculated.
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