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  • 1970-1974  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract— Amino acid incorporation in vivo was investigated in the cortex and hippocampus of rats raised in enriched and deprived environments for various periods of time following weaning. At early times after weaning (7 days), the incorporation of l-[3H]leucine into all sub-cellular fractions of both cortex and hippocampus was higher in enriched than in deprived rats. At 16 days, incorporation into synaptosomal sub-cellular fractions was higher in enriched than in deprived hippocampus, and lower in enriched than in deprived cortex; incorporation into perikaryal fractions of both brain regions was the same in the two groups of animals. Incorporation into subcortical nuclear protein fractions was higher in enriched rats at this time. At 35 days, the only difference between enriched and deprived rats was a lower incorporation into cortical synaptosomal sub-fractions in the former. Experiments involving double labelling and electrophoresis indicate that there is no stimulation or inhibition of the synthesis of any particular protein in hippocampal nuclear and synaptosomal sub-fractions of enriched rats. Synaptosomal proteins of cortex have a greater half-life in enriched than in deprived rats; proteins of perikaryal fractions of cortex, and of all fractions of hippocampus, are turning over at the same rate in enriched and deprived animals.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0029-5981
    Keywords: Engineering ; Engineering General
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Technology
    Notes: Consider a solid heat conductor with a non-linear constitutive equation for the heat flux. If the material is anisotropic and inhomogeneous, the heat conduction equation to be satisfied by the temperature field θ(x, t) is, \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ \rho c\frac{{\partial \theta }}{{\partial t}} = {\rm div}({\rm L}(\theta,{\rm x})[{\rm grad}\theta]) + q $$\end{document} Here L(θ, x) [grad θ] is a vector-valued function of θ, x, grad θ which is linear in grad θ, In the present paper, the application of the finite element method to the solution of this class of problems is demonstrated. General discrete models are developed which enable approximate solutions to be obtained for arbitrary three-dimensional regions and the following boundary and initial conditions: (a) prescribed surface temperature, (b) prescribed heat flux at the surface and (c) linear heat transfer at the surface. Numerical examples involve a homogeneous solid with a dimensionless temperature-diffusivity curve of the form κ = κ0(l + σT). The resulting system of non-linear differential equations is integrated numerically.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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