Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Growth of KB cells was inhibited by both spermine and spermidine, but the inhibition is reduced in conditioned medium. The amount of spermine required for 50% inhibition of plating varied according to the type of serum used with medium 199 (calf, fetal bovine, and horse; 0.55, 0.9, and 24 μg/ml respectively). The spermine oxidase activity of the three sera was calf 〉 horse 〉 fetal bovine, which is not the same ordering as was obtained for the inhibition. When the concentration of sera in the media was varied, the inhibition decreased as calf and fetal bovine sera concentration increased, whereas, with horse serum, an increase in serum concentration increased the inhibition. The opposite effects of increasing concentrations of the sera on the inhibition suggest that at least two factors are involved in the inhibition. A scheme which involves three factors (spermine oxidase, another enzyme and its activator) is postulated to account for the inhibitions and reversals observed. Spermine oxidase alone cannot account for the action of polyamine on cells.
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