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  • 1965-1969  (2)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0770
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Computer Science , Physics
    Notes: Summary Optical characteristics of the dioptric system in the ommatidia of Musca have been analysed by use of “antidromic illumination” of the eye. The results indicate that the distal endings of the rhabdomers terminate near the focal plane of the dioptrics and that the quality of the lens is high enough to resolve some details of their shape. — Using optical methods it has been possible to confirm directly that the optical axes of 7 individual rhabdomers from 7 different ommatidia all converge to a common point in the distant surroundings. This is a characteristic for compound eyes of the “neural superposition” type. — The results are discussed on the basis of the hypothesis that the Musca eye is composed of two functionally different subsystems: One system (D) with high absolute sensitivity and low spatial resolution consisting of the sense cells no. 1 to 6, and a second system (H) with high spatial resolution and low absolute sensitivity composed of cells no. 7 and 8.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0770
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Computer Science , Physics
    Notes: Summary In the ommatidia of Musca, the light flux transmitted by each one of the rhabdomeres of sense cells no. 1 to 6 decreases as a function of time if light falls onto these rhabdomeres. With a similar time course the light flux reflected from these rhabdomeres increases. These changes take place within a few seconds following illumination. The results have been established in the intact animal using changes in the appearance of the pseudopupil as indicator and also in surviving preparations of the eye with direct inspection of the rhabdomeres. The changes are interpreted as a consequence of interactions between pigment granules in the sense cells and electromagnetic fields induced outside the rhabdomeres by light travelling on the inside: In the dark adapted situation the granules are quite distant from the rhabdomeres, the interaction is negligible. During light adaptation the granules move close to the rhabdomeres, and as a consequence, total reflection of the light in the rhabdomere is frustrated. The relatively rapid changes in the optical characteristics of the rhabdomeres are explained by the fact that the distance, the granules have to move in order to switch from one condition to the other is in principle on the order of the wavelength of light. The results indicate, that the changes in the position of the granules are induced by the excitation of the respective sense cells themselves, for instance by the degree of their depolarisation. No interaction between the sense cells of one ommatidium nor between those of different ommatidia could be found. The function of the movement of the pigment granules is interpreted as a means to protect the sense cells no. 1 to 6 against strong illumination. — Movement of pigment granules is not induced in sense cells no. 7 and 8 with light intensities which give maximal response in sense cells no. 1 to 6.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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