Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The dielectric properties of polyvinyl isobutyral, hexanal, and 2-ethylhexanal have been investigated. Dielectric constants and loss factors were measured at eight frequencies between 50 and 100,000 cycles in the temperature range of 25 to 130°C. Free energies, entropies, and enthalpies of activation were calculated, using the absolute reaction rate theory. The results illustrate the effects of “internal plasticization.” With increasing complexity of the interchain substituent, the electrical relaxation time is lowered, and the free energy, entropy, and enthalpy of dielectric relaxation are also decreased. These changes offer a quantitative measure of the decrease in interchain forces. It was also noted that the normal aldehyde substituents exhibited greater plasticizing action than the branched chain secondary groups. The electrical transition temperatures were compared with independently determined softening and inflection temperatures. The electrical and mechanical determinations were in good agreement for identical samples of the polymers.
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