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  • 1950-1954  (2)
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Polymer Science 7 (1951), S. 261-276 
    ISSN: 0022-3832
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The intrinsic viscosity of cellulose xanthate solutions was studied as a function of the electrolyte content of the solvent, and found to decrease sharply with increase in electrolyte concentration. All electrolytes tested except sodium and lithium hydroxides produced essentially the same reduction in intrinsic viscosity for solutions of equivalent ionic strenghts, indicating that the effect was largely one of interaction between the solvent ions and the charged xanthate groups. Hydroxides induced a greater viscosity reduction. The reason for this was not fully resolved; however, indications were obtained that the hydroxides, in addition to behaving as electrolytes toward the charged xanthate groups, also interact with the hydroxyl groups on the parent cellulose chain.Light scattering measurements, as well as data on the variation of the intrinsic viscosity with molecular weight in various solvents, showed that the change in intrinsic viscosity with electrolyte concentration could be accounted for by a change in configuration, or degree of coiling of the molecule. Calculations indicated that in pure water cellulose xanthate should approach a rigid rod configuration whereas in 6% caustic coiling occurs and the molecule resembles more a random configuration.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Industrial & engineering chemistry 45 (1953), S. 796-800 
    ISSN: 1520-5045
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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