Types of resins anchored on citric acid were synthesized and identified. The citric acid-modified resins PS-CA, PS-O-CA and PS-N-CA were synthesized by anchoring citric acid on PS-Cl, PS-OH and PS-NH 2 , respectively. The PS-CA, PS-O-CA and PS-N-CA were used to adsorb Fe 3+ , Al 3+ , Cu 2+ , Pb 2+ , Cd 2+ and Hg 2+ . The influences of pH, adsorption time and metal ion concentration on the adsorption capacities of the resins were investigated. After optimization, PS-CA was a good adsorbent to Fe 3+ , Cu 2+ , Pb 2+ and Cd 2+ with q m values of 143.9 mg g –1 , 77.4 mg g –1 , 18.9 mg g –1 and 119.9 mg g –1 , respectively. PS-N-CA was a good adsorbent to Al 3+ and Hg 2+ with q m values of 176.6 mg g –1 and 114.9 mg g –1 , respectively. The adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherm experiments indicated that the pseudo-first-order rate equation was more appropriate for characterizing the kinetic data and the Langmuir model was more suitable for fitting the equilibrium data. The reusability of the citric acid-modified resins was also evaluated and these resins exhibited considerable reusability.
Natural Sciences in General