Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Wettability and antifogging effect on the surface of the transparent thin film of cellulose esters were studied by fixing chemically nonionic fluorocarbon surfactants on the film surface and were compared with the properties of the surface fixed with the corresponding nonionic hydrocarbon surfactants. These antifogging properties on the surfaces covered by the monomolecular layer of fluorocarbon surfactant were found to be more excellent than those of the nonionic hydrocarbon surfactants from the measurement of contact angle for water droplets and also from the data of Zisman's plots. The surface of the thin film setting in the closed chamber filled with water vapor at 60°C were confirmed to be transparent during a long time without fogging. Antifogging effect may be due to so-called double structure consisting of fluorocarbon and nonionic ethyleneoxide chains in the monomolecular layer.
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