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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-07-13
    Description: It is known that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) also functions as a hematopoietic factor, although its direct effect on thrombopoiesis remains unclear. In this study, we show that IGF-1 is able to promote CD34 + cell differentiation toward megakaryocytes (MKs), as well as the facilitation of proplatelet formation (PPF) and platelet production from cultured MKs. The in vivo study demonstrates that IGF-1 administration accelerates platelet recovery in mice after 6.0 Gy of irradiation and in mice that received bone marrow transplantation following 10.0 Gy of lethal irradiation. Subsequent investigations reveal that extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Akt activation mediate the effect of IGF-1 on thrombopoiesis. Notably, Akt activation induced by IGF-1 is more apparent than that of ERK1/2, compared with that of thrombopoietin (TPO) treatment. Moreover, the effect of IGF-1 on thrombopoiesis is independent of TPO signaling because IGF-1 treatment can also lead to a significant increase of platelet counts in homozygous TPO receptor mutant mice. Further analysis indicates that the activation of Akt triggered by IGF-1 requires the assistance of steroid receptor coactivator-3 (SRC-3). Therefore, our data reveal a distinct role of IGF-1 in regulating thrombopoiesis, providing new insights into TPO-independent regulation of platelet generation.
    Keywords: Platelets and Thrombopoiesis
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-04-27
    Description: Deregulation of several microRNAs (miRs) can influence critical developmental checkpoints during hematopoiesis as well as cell functions, eventually leading to the development of autoimmune disease or cancer. We found that miR-125b is expressed in bone marrow multipotent progenitors and myeloid cells but shut down in the B-cell lineage, and the gene encoding miR-125b lacked transcriptional activation markers in B cells. To understand the biological importance of the physiological silencing of miR-125b expression in B cells, we drove its expression in the B-cell lineage and found that dysregulated miR-125b expression impaired egress of immature B cells from the bone marrow to peripheral blood. Such impairment appeared to be mediated primarily by inhibited expression of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1). Enforced expression of S1PR1 or clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9–mediated genome editing of the miR-125b targeting site in the S1PR1 3' untranslated region rescued the miR-125b–mediated defect in B-cell egress. In addition to impaired B-cell egress, miR-125b dysregulation initially reduced pre–B-cell output but later induced pre–B-cell lymphoma/leukemia in mice. Genetic deletion of IRF4 was found in miR-125b–induced B-cell cancer, but its role in oncogenic miR-125b–induced B-cell transformation is still unknown. Here, we further demonstrated an interaction of the effects of miR-125b and IRF4 in cancer induction by showing that miR125b-induced B-cell leukemia was greatly accelerated in IRF4 homozygous mutant mice. Thus, we conclude that physiological silencing of miR-125b is required for normal B-cell development and also acts as a mechanism of cancer suppression.
    Keywords: Hematopoiesis and Stem Cells, Immunobiology and Immunotherapy, Lymphoid Neoplasia
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-08-31
    Description: Quiescence maintenance is an important property of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), whereas the regulatory factors and underlying mechanisms involved in HSC quiescence maintenance are not fully uncovered. Here, we show that steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3) is highly expressed in HSCs, and SRC-3–deficient HSCs are less quiescent and more proliferative, resulting in increased sensitivity to chemotherapy and irradiation. Moreover, the long-term reconstituting ability of HSCs is markedly impaired in the absence of SRC-3, and SRC-3 knockout (SRC-3 –/– ) mice exhibit a significant disruption of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell homeostasis. Further investigations show that SRC-3 deficiency leads to enhanced mitochondrial metabolism, accompanied by overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HSCs. Notably, the downstream target genes of peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor-coactivators 1α (PGC-1α) involved in the regulation of mitochondrial metabolism are significantly upregulated in SRC-3–deficient HSCs. Meanwhile, a significant decrease in the expression of histone acetyltransferase GCN5 accompanied by downregulation of PGC-1α acetylation is observed in SRC-3–null HSCs. Conversely, overexpression of GCN5 can inhibit SRC-3 deficiency-induced mitochondrial metabolism enhancement and ROS overproduction, thereby evidently rescuing the impairment of HSCs in SRC-3 –/– mice. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that SRC-3 plays an important role in HSC quiescence maintenance by regulating mitochondrial metabolism.
    Keywords: Hematopoiesis and Stem Cells
    Print ISSN: 0006-4971
    Electronic ISSN: 1528-0020
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
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