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Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Dual atrioventricular nodal pathways, the substrate responsible for atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia (AVNRT), are thought to be randomly occurring congenital anomalies. This article describes 14 patients in six families, each with two or three first-degree relatives with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Electrophysiological evidence of dual atrioventricular nodal pathways was established in all 13 patients studied, AVNRT was induced in 12 (92%), and radiofrequency ablation of the slow pathway was curative in all cases. The data suggest a hereditary contribution to the development of atrioventricular nodal pathways and AVNRT. The pattern of inheritance appears to be autosomal dominant. (PACE 2004; 27:73–76)
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