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  • Blackwell Publishing  (1)
  • 2000-2004  (1)
  • 1980-1984
  • 2003  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1540-8159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: As pacemaker generator longevity is dependent on current consumption and resistance of the pacing lead, the use of a high impedance pacing lead theoretically results in an extension of battery longevity. Therefore, the effect of high versus standard impedance ventricular leads on generator longevity was studied. In 40 patients (21 women, age 73 ± 13 years) with a standard dual chamber pacemaker indication, a bipolar standard impedance ventricular lead was implanted in 20 patients, the remaining patients received a bipolar high impedance lead in a randomized fashion. All patients received identical pacemaker generators and atrial leads. The estimated longevity of the generator was calculated automatically by a programmed pacemaker algorithm. After a mean follow-up of 39 ± 4.8 months, no significant differences were observed with respect to mean pacing and sensing thresholds of the atrial and ventricular leads in both groups. However, the high impedance leads displayed a significantly higher impedance and a significantly lower current drain as compared to standard impedance leads (1,044 ± 139 vs 585 ± 90 Ω, and 2.2 ± 0.4 vs 4.3 ± 1.1 mA). The extrapolated generator longevity was significantly longer in the high impedance lead group, as compared to the standard impedance lead group (107.3 ± 8.5 vs 97.6 ± 9.0 months; P = 0.02). In conclusion, implantation of a high impedance lead for ventricular pacing results in a clinically relevant extension of generator longevity. (PACE 2003; 26:2116–2120)
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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