Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
This paper summarizes studies on antibody formation in the bone marrow and the suppressive effects of intravenous immunization with allogeneic blood cells on T-cell function in mice. The latter studies were extended by employing the limiting dilution culture system developed in Ivan Lefkovits' laboratory and implemented in collaboration with Lucien Aarden. Thereby, the functional data were complemented with frequencies of alloantigen-activated helper (Th) and suppressor T cells after intravenous alloimmunization. These results led the Rotterdam group to studies on the prevention of rejection of the foetal ‘allograft’. Th cells are central in foetal allograft rejection and pregnancy success. Characteristic for human pregnancy is the production of the glycoprotein chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone. The in vivo liberated peptide fragments originating from nicking of the sequence MTRVLQGVLPALPQ in the β-chain of hCG were considered for their immunoregulating capacity related to pregnancy success. These peptides – prepared synthetically – (MTR, MTRV, LQG, LQGV, VLPALP and others) indeed showed a remarkable spectrum of biological effects (e.g. modulation of angiogenesis, inhibition of septic shock syndrome, prevention of diabetes and reduction of ischaemia-reperfusion damage). The paper interprets and generalizes these findings and projects them into various research directions, especially towards the proteomics framework studies built up in Ivan Lefkovits' laboratory in the nineties. During the time period, when Ivan spent a mini-sabbatical in Rotterdam (months after closing down the BII) more detailed discussions were intiated. This paper is meant to keep the discussions between the involved research groups going on.
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