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  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd  (4)
  • 1990-1994  (4)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1745-4557
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Chicken rolls were manufactured using ground dark fowl meat or mechanically deboned poultry meat as a binding substrate, sodium caseinate or soya isolate and a meat block that was mechanically tenderized or chunked. Effects of these treatments on yield, chemical composition, sensory and texture profile attributes were evaluated in this study. Inclusion of soya isolate increased the cook yield and improved color over sodium caseinate (P 〈 0.05). Likewise, rolls containing ground-dark fowl meat were lighter in color than those made with mechanically deboned poultry meat. Rolls made with mechanically deboned poultry meat had greater chewiness, while those made with sodium caseinate had greater cohesiveness. Texture profile analysis indicated that mechanical tenderization was the predominant factor in producing a softer and more springy chicken roll. Sensory evaluation revealed that mechanical tenderization decreased chewiness as compared to cubing (P 〈 0.05).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1745-4557
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Restructured beef steaks were processed from USDA Select chuck muscles without the use of additives, and three processing variables were utilized at three different levels: -2, 0, +2C for mixing temperature, 12, 18, 24 min for mixing time and 1, 2, 3 passes through a kidney plate for particle size reduction. A sensory panel composed of 149 untrained consumer panelists evaluated the 27 treatment combinations for five sensory attributes. Instrumental determinations were also made. Increasing mixing temperature and decreasing particle size significantly decreased sensory tenderness, flavor and overall acceptance and increased instrumental hardness and springiness of the restructured beef steaks. Increasing mixing time had a significant effect on sensory appearance and on instrumental cohesiveness and gumminess. The means for sensory scores were used for a response surface analysis (RSM) to optimize the three processing variables. Significant models were found for tenderness (P〈0.05), overall acceptance (P〈0.05) and flavor (P〈0.15). Using a sensory score of 6.00 (like slightly) as an acceptable score, optima for the processing variables were determined. To obtain an acceptable product, the meat should be ground by two passes through the kidney plate then mixed at a maximum temperature of 0.67C for 12 min.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 58 (1993), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Polymerization of beef actomyosin was induced by addition of transglutaminase. The relative intensity analyzed by densitometry after sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis indicated that bands containing the polymerized myosin increased from 10.1 ± 2.2% to 20.7 ± 3.5% while the myosin monomer band decreased from 20.9 ± 3.4% to 13.0 ± 2.7% as the reaction time extended from 10 to 120 min at 35°C. Polymerization of actomyosin induced by transglutaminase resulted in gelation of the actomyosin that was visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 55 (1990), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Transversal ultra-structure and firmness were examined on cooked spaghetti-shaped pasta prepared from durum semolina with 0% (control), 10%, 20%, and 30% Alaskan pollock surimi. The ultra-structure of the pasta exhibited two differences between inner and outer gross structures of the extruded product. In the inner portion, control and surimi-added pasta were not different. In the outer portion, surimi gel was observed as a network with small cavities uniformly distributed throughout the matrix formed by the gluten and/or gelatinized starch of durum semolina. Cooked firmness of the pasta decreased with addition of surimi.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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