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  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd  (4)
  • 1980-1984  (4)
  • 1955-1959
Collection
Years
Year
  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 48 (1983), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Cooked rice and commercial glutinous rice cakes were frozen by a capsule-packed freezing method we developed, then stored. Characteristics of samples frozen by this new method were compared with those of samples frozen in deep freezers (–20°C and –50°C), or chilled in an ordinary (5°C) or Cold Fog refrigerator (0°C). Texturometer measurements, glucoamylase digestion, and X-ray diffraction analysis of specimens thawed to room temperature indicated that the samples prepared by our new method were superior to those frozen in conventional freezers or chilled in refrigerators. Simulation experiments in a program freezer showed that rapid freezing and adequate tempering were characteristic of our capsule-packed method.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1749-6632
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: A comprehensive study was carried out to clarify the chemical compositions of spinal cord, cord myelin, and myelin subfractions of multiple sclerosis (MS). The protein compositions of normal-appearing cerebral white matter and cerebral plaque and periplaque tissues were also analyzed for comparison. MS whole cord samples were found to contain higher amounts of water compared with normal samples. The total lipid contents were below normal. Among the individual lipids, cholesterol content remained unchanged, whereas cholesteryl esters appeared increased in MS cords. The acidic phospholipid concentrations were found to be lower than normal. Glycolipids, such as cerebrosides GM4, GM1, and GD1b, which are abundant in myelin, were all decreased. However, the concentrations of GM3 and GD3, which are more characteristic of reactive astrocytes, were highly elevated. The total protein content of MS cord samples was decreased, and the decrease was attributable to the loss of myelin proteins as evidenced by the low recovery of myelin. The concentrations of myelin-specific proteins, such as proteolipid protein and myelin basic protein, were significantly reduced. Other changes in the protein compositions included the accretion of two low molecular weight proteins of approximately 11,000 and 12,000, and the appearance of a periodic acid-Schiff-positive protein with the same electrophoretic mobility as the P0 protein. Analysis of the isolated myelin indicated that it had a grossly normal protein composition. However, the two low molecular weight proteins and the P0 protein appeared to be enriched in an upper-phase cord subtraction. We attribute the appearance of the two low molecular weight proteins to the breakdown of proteolipid protein and/or myelin basic protein as a result of demyelination, and the appearance of P0 to the involvement of PNS myelin. The latter finding provides the first biochemical evidence that in MS cord, remyelination can be achieved in part by invading Schwann cells and/or by the small number of Schwann cells that may be present in the cord.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: The labeling pattern of the major individual gangliosides from the microsomal and synaptosomal fractions of rat brain was determined following intracerebral injection of the radioactive sialic acid precursor, N-acetylmannosamine. Microsomal gangliosides initially had a higher specific radioactivity than synaptosomal gangliosides, with both fractions reaching similar specific radioactivities 18 h after precursor injection. In both subcellular fractions, the polysialogangliosides GT1b and GQ1b were initially more highly labeled than all other gangliosides. With the establishment of the labeling pattern, the effect of the convulsant pentylenetetrazol on brain gangliosides was examined in detail. Significant decreases in radioactive label were noted in the polysialogangliosides, GT1b and GQ1b, from the synaptosomal and microsomal fractions of the convulsed animals. The decreases may be due to activation of the membrane-bound neuraminidase present with the gangliosides in neuronal tissue. Prior to experimentation, a methodology was developed to insure quantitative isolation of small amounts of ganglioside free of other lipids and water-soluble contaminants. Combination of this isolation procedure with quantitative densitometry of thin-layer chromatograms permits accurate distributional analyses for individual gangliosides. In applications involving radioactive gangliosides, the method allows the determination of both radioactivity and sialic acid distributions from the same thin-layer chromatogram.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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