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  • 1
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Injury-induced efflux of dopamine was compared between two microdialysis preparations. Rats were implanted with guide cannulae 5–10 days prior to microdialysis experiments. In one group, ventral striatal tissue was punctured with stainless steel obturators that remained in place until the day of the experiment. In the other group, the tissue was not punctured until the microdialysis probes were inserted. Rats from each group were dialyzed with calcium-free artificial extracellular fluid or tetrodotoxin 4 h after probe insertion. In the rats with previously punctured tissue, calcium depletion reduced dialysate dopamine concentrations to 8% of baseline. Dialysis with tetrodotoxin reduced dopamine concentrations to less than 1% of baseline. In the rats with freshly punctured tissue, dopamine concentrations were reduced only to 50% of baseline levels by calcium depletion and to 30% during dialysis with tetrodotoxin. Thus, penetration of the tissue prior to testing can significantly reduce the acute injury-induced efflux of dopamine. Further, a significant correlation was found between baseline 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylacetic acid/dopamine ratios and the efficacy of tetrodotoxin in reducing dialysate dopamine concentrations. Thus, basal 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid/dopamine ratios appear to provide an index of the amount of injury-induced dopamine efflux following probe insertion.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Data are presented on the identification and characterisation of 17 chromosomal integration loci of the insertion element IS901 in the Mycobacterium avium (cervine strain JD88/118) genome. Thirteen of these integration loci have been mapped to their corresponding positions on the M. avium strain 104 (an IS901− strain) genome (The Institute for Genome Research (TIGR) unfinished genome-sequencing project). Sequence data for both upstream and downstream sequence flanking regions were obtained for 12 insertion loci, while upstream sequence was obtained for five others. A consensus IS901 insertion target sequence compiled from all 17 integration sites was in broad agreement with earlier reports that were based on only two such loci. Analysis of IS901 integration site flanking sequences revealed that, like IS900 in M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis, IS901 inserts preferentially between a putative ribosome-binding sequence (RBS) and the translational start codon of an open reading frame (ORF). In BLAST X and BLAST P searches of the GenBank database, these ORFs were shown to share significant homologies with a number of other prokaryotic genes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    BJOG 79 (1972), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1471-0528
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Seven out of twenty anaemic pregnant women showed a reduced five-hour excretion of xylose. The defect was most marked in patients with megaloblastic anaemia. In two such patients the test had returned to normal 3 to 4 months after delivery, and further follow-up showed no clinical evidence of malabsorption. Thirteen of the twenty patients had reduced two-hour xylose excretion, but intravenous tests showed that the two-hour figure is an unreliable index of malabsorption in pregnancy anaemia, probably due to the dilution effect of an increased “xylose pool”. Low serum folate levels were found in all types of pregnancy anaemia, but values below 2.0 ng. per ml. were clinically relevant. Treatment of folate deficiency did not influence the abnormal xylose test. It is concluded that a substantial proportion of cases of folate-deficiency amaemia of pregnancy in Britain may have xylose malabsorption, and that in certain cases this defect is temporary.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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