Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: Injury-induced efflux of dopamine was compared between two microdialysis preparations. Rats were implanted with guide cannulae 5–10 days prior to microdialysis experiments. In one group, ventral striatal tissue was punctured with stainless steel obturators that remained in place until the day of the experiment. In the other group, the tissue was not punctured until the microdialysis probes were inserted. Rats from each group were dialyzed with calcium-free artificial extracellular fluid or tetrodotoxin 4 h after probe insertion. In the rats with previously punctured tissue, calcium depletion reduced dialysate dopamine concentrations to 8% of baseline. Dialysis with tetrodotoxin reduced dopamine concentrations to less than 1% of baseline. In the rats with freshly punctured tissue, dopamine concentrations were reduced only to 50% of baseline levels by calcium depletion and to 30% during dialysis with tetrodotoxin. Thus, penetration of the tissue prior to testing can significantly reduce the acute injury-induced efflux of dopamine. Further, a significant correlation was found between baseline 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylacetic acid/dopamine ratios and the efficacy of tetrodotoxin in reducing dialysate dopamine concentrations. Thus, basal 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid/dopamine ratios appear to provide an index of the amount of injury-induced dopamine efflux following probe insertion.
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