Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: The human dopamine D2L (long form) and D2S (short form) receptors were expressed separately in mouse Ltk− fibroblast cells to investigate whether there is a difference in transmembrane signaling of these D2 receptors. Both receptors induced two signals, a phosphatidylinositol-linked mobilization of intracellular calcium and an inhibition of cyclic adenosine 3′-5’monophosphate (cAMP) accumulation, each with similar response magnitudes and identical pharmacology. Both calcium and cAMP signals were sensitive to pretreatment with pertussis toxin (PTX), indicating mediation by coupling to Gi/Go proteins. However, the two forms of D2 receptor were distinguished by acute prior activation of protein kinase C (PKC) with 12-O-tetradecanoyl 4β-phorbol 13-acetate (TPA): TPA blocked the D2S-mediated increase in cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a concentration-dependent manner (between 10 nM and 1 μM), whereas the D2L receptor-induced increase in [Ca2+]i was resistant to TPA and was only partially (60%) inhibited by 100 μM TPA. By contrast, TPA did not alter the inhibition of cAMP accumulation induced by activation of either D2S or D2L receptors. We conclude that, in the L cell system, prior activation of PKC differentially modulates the transmembrane signaling of the D2L and D2S receptors, preferentially inhibiting the D2S receptor-mediated calcium signal but not altering the dopamine-induced inhibitory cAMP signal of either receptor subtype.
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