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  • 1
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract— An adenylate cyclase present in the caudate nucleus of rat brain, which is selectively stimulated by low concentrations of dopamine, and which is believed to mediate dopaminergic synaptic transmission, has been characterized with respect to several properties. The parameters studied included temperature, pH, ATP concentration, Mg/ATP ratio, and metal ion specificity. The effects of other compounds, including EGTA, NaF and several guanosine nucleotides, were also tested on the dopa-mine-sensitive adenylate cyclase. In addition, the subcellular distribution of the enzyme was studied. The highest specific activity was found in subcellular fractions enriched in nerve endings. A half-maximal increase in the activity of the enzyme in a subcellular fraction occurred in the presence of 4 × 10−6 M dopamine. Fluphenazine, a dopamine antagonist, competitively inhibited the activity of the enzyme in this fraction, with a calculated inhibition constant (Ki) of 8 × 10−9M.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: : The effect of osmotic dehydration (OD) at atmospheric pressure and vacuum impregnation (VI) treatments on some physiochemical parameters of papaya (aw, pH, color, firmness, and microstructure) was analyzed. Osmotic treatments were carried out on papaya with 55°Brix and 65°Brix sucrose solutions at 30 °C. VI with 65°Brix osmotic solution was the most effective in reducing aw due to the highest sucrose gain during osmotic treatment. Color differences were associated to loss of clarity in line with transparency gain. Scanning electron microscopy observations show that osmotic dehydration caused shape changes and size reduction of papaya cells; also differences in microstructural features were observed between OD-treated and VI-treated samples. Moreover, the largest firmness observed in VI samples compared with OD treatments was associated with the thickness of the middle lamella between cells, which was greater in VI than OD treatments. Improvement in texture and palatability of papaya was obtained with VI rather than OD treatment compared with fresh papaya.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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